How Obesity Contributes to Diabetes and Heart Diseases?

If one weighs at least 20% more than your standard weight, you could be considered obese. In other words, if the body mass index is 30 and above, then it is considered obese. Obesity is a growing concern in various parts of the world. Having excessive body fat, due to hereditary or dietary choices is considered obesity. It can affect anybody, there is no specific age group that is more prone to obesity.

Obesity leads to various other diseases like heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Obesity is not merely a cosmetic abnormality but can be fatal for the body if not controlled at the proper time. Obesity is vastly known to be a cause of genetics or due to an unhealthy lifestyle. It causes other diseases caused by sedentary life like fatigue and lethargy. There are various procedures in General medicine and Surgery that help medically remove excess fat.

How does obesity contribute to Diabetes?

diabetes and obesity

Excess body weight, an escalating problem worldwide, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes.
Diabetes affects more than 180 million people around the world, and the number of patients is estimated to increase in the coming years.
Recent data suggest that Type 2 Diabetes cases are 95% more prevalent in adults.
Obesity is associated with a pro-inflammatory state marked by chronic elevations of systemic adrenergic activity, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia.

How does Obesity contribute to Heart diseases?

Obesity and heart disease

Patients with heart diseases and diabetes are often hyper-tensive. If there is constant metabolic stress to the heart, it leads to the deterioration of the function of the heart.
The relationship between obesity and cardiovascular diseases has been proven by various scientific researches.
Obesity leads directly to heart diseases through atrial enlargement and ventricular enlargement. When the fat increases the body can’t metabolize the food as it should and creates unwanted blockages.
It changes your cholesterol levels and lowers your good high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
Obesity can cause your blood pressure to rise. The pressure required to move around is a lot when one is obese.

The link between diabetes and heart disease

People who are suffering from diabetes are at a higher risk of developing heart diseases. This is due to high blood glucose which damages blood vessels and the nerves responsible for controlling the heart and blood vessels. They could be prone to high blood pressure which further increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Obesity Prevention and control

There are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing heart disease and obesity. Following are some steps one can follow:

  • Keeping your blood glucose,
  • BP, and cholesterol under control
  • Quit smoking
  • Follow a healthy diet plan
  • Engage in regular physical activity
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Manage stress well
  • Get enough rest

The key to avoiding obesity is to exercise regularly and a healthy diet. In some cases that might not be sufficient. Sometimes it is not about what one eats rather how the excess fat is biologically assimilated. Some metabolic parameters like insulin, glucose, gut microbiome can affect how the food digests and where it goes.

Udaipur Receives COVID-19 vaccine- Things You should know about the Coronavirus Vaccine

The year 2020 has carved its mark in the history of the world. After waiting for a very long time, India is set to begin its first Vaccination drive, with its first phase commencing from 16th January 2021. There are various vaccines amidst the pandemic in the global market like Pfizer, Moderna that are been used for immunization against Coronavirus. India produced two vaccines Covishield and Covaxin, Covishield has been tested and has proven its efficacy.

Statistically speaking, Jaipur has the highest number of active cases with 58,512 cases, following which is Jodhpur with 44,574 active cases. Udaipur has 11,691 active cases, which after the vaccination drive should drop further.

Udaipur’s Vaccination drive

  • In Mid-January Udaipur received its first phase of COVID-19 vaccination, COVISHIELD ahead of the mass vaccination drive starting on 16th January 2020.
  • The Government of India has prioritized the health workers and the frontline workers for the vaccination, following which the vaccine would be administered to high-risk people and the elderly population.
  • Udaipur will have 9 centers for the planned vaccinations as per the city government.
  • There will be three sections to every center: Waiting area, Vaccination Area, Under observation area. The recipients of the vaccination will be observed for 30 minutes after the vaccination to check for any side-effects from the vaccine.
  • Recipients who want to get the vaccination have to register on the COWIN app as directed by the Government of Rajasthan and the city of Udaipur.
  • For emergencies related to Coronavirus, anyone can call the numbers 104 and 108 for immediate assistance.

What are the vaccines for Coronavirus?

vaccines for covid 19
India has produced two vaccines to fight Coronavirus, COVISHIELD, and COVAXIN. Covishield is developed by the Serum Institute of India, while Covaxin is developed by Bharat Biotech., a Biotechnology Company headquartered in Hyderabad.


Covishield is a COVID-19 vaccine developed by Serum Institute of India, headquartered in Pune. The vaccine has been approved by DCGI and is under circulation for mass vaccination drives planned ahead this year by the government of India. Covishield is the only vaccine produced by India that has proven efficacy. The vaccine is given to some states while the other states have received Covaxin. The vaccines are not interchangeable.
Udaipur has received 1,00,500 Covishield vaccines last week for the first phase of the vaccination drive.

Who should not take the vaccine?

  • People who are exhibiting active symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
  • COVID-19 patients who have been given anti-SARS-Cov-2 monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma.
  • Critically unwell and hospitalized patients (with or without intensive care) due to any illness.
  • People with a history of platelet disorder, clotting factor deficiency, or coagulopathy should only be given the vaccine after cautioning them.

Can those with certain health conditions be administered the vaccine?

  • People with a past history of COVID-19 infection can be immunized.
  • People with a history of chronic diseases – cardiac, neurological, pulmonary, metabolic, and malignancies – are also included.
  • Patients on immunosuppression and immunodeficiency or HIV can be administered the COVID-19 vaccine.

What are the side-effects?

For Covishield, there are a few recorded mild adverse effects that may or may not happen following immunization:

  • Injection site tenderness;
  • injection site pain; headache;
  • fatigue; myalgia (muscle pain); discomfort;
  • pyrexia (an abnormal elevation of body temperature); chills; and nausea.
  • In such cases, paracetamol can be given, the advisory adds.
  • Very rare events of demyelinating disorders” have been reported following the vaccination, although not too many recurring cases.
  • In any case of adverse effects, please contact the nearest available hospital and get examined.

Covaxin is considered India’s first Indigenous COVID-19 Vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Virology (NIV). The vaccine received DCGI approval for Phase I & II of Human Clinical Trials and the trials started across India from July 2020. The vaccine’s efficacy is not yet proven as opposed to Covishield which is proven to have worked against the virus. Before giving anyone Covaxin, they should be informed about the same. It is called mandatory Informed consent, wherein the patient can take a day to think if he wants to be immunized.

Who should take the vaccine?

  • The vaccine should only be administered by the health professionals and frontline health workers who are a part of the mass drive.
  • The vaccine is strictly for the patients affected by Coronavirus, health professionals, and elderly people as per the Government’s prioritization for the drive.
  • The vaccine should only be taken by patients infected with the virus, in this case after the approval of the patient or their family about the unproven efficacy.
  • Pregnant women should not take the vaccination
  • The vaccine is only for people of 18 years and above.

What are the side effects?

The vaccine has only been approved by the Government in the Clinical Trial Mode, which would mean that the recipients would have to sign a consent form. In any events of severe or any side effects, Bharat Biotech would have to compensate for the same.
According to the Centre’s fact sheet, these are the common adverse events after administering Covaxin.

  • Injection site pain
  • Fever and Headache
  • Body ache and Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and Fatigue
  • Dizziness and Sweating
  • Cold and Cough

If any of these symptoms surface, post-vaccination, please contact the authorities for further examination and prevention.

Covid-19 has swept over millions of lives globally through the year 2020 and now 2021, the development of vaccines should lower the risk of the virus by a considerable amount. Hospitals and health workers are at the frontline of this crisis, be sure to thank them for their service, as we get ahead of this virus.


About Chaudhary Hospital

multispeciality hospital in udaipur

Established in 2005, Chaudhary Hospital in Udaipur is the city’s premier Multispecialty hospital situated in the center of the city. Our Hospital is

  • NABH Certified
  • 15 years of experience in Healthcare services
  • 4 Lakh+ tests per year
  • Team of Expert Doctors and Specialists
  • Accurate Results
  • Advanced Diagnostic Labs
  • COVID Care unit

Our team of doctors and the entire staff of Chaudhary Hospital have been vaccinated with the Covishield vaccine. We are proud to have serve Udaipur with the utmost care and safety required to fight the pandemic.

covid vaccination

Our COVID Care unit is equipped with the latest technology and procedures. According to the guidelines by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Home Isolation is advisable for entirely asymptomatic or patients with mild symptoms. We at Chaudhary Hospital provide specialized care for COVID-19 infections. To know more, contact us on +91 294 2465566



Understanding HRCT and its Importance in the Diagnostic Process

HRCT means High-Resolution Computed Tomography, it is a cross-sectional imaging technique used for prognosis and diagnosis of various health ailments, most common being lung disease. It is usually performed using a conventional CT Scanner, although the imaging parameters may vary.
The technique of CT Scan was originally very different. There were a lot of complications to be able to get a correct reading, for example, earlier the scans were carried out in wide spaces. The image resolution was an issue. Whereas, the modern CT Scans are very efficient and have a great range of different image resolutions.

When should one get an HRCT Scan?

ct scan

A person should go for an HRCT Scan when:

  • Diagnose muscle disorders, fractured bones, and tumors in bones.
  • To identify sinus problems and other pulmonary disorders
  • To locate exact locations of tumors, blood clots, infections, internal bleeding, or internal injuries.
  • To guide procedures like surgeries, biopsies, radiation therapy.
  • To check for bone diseases
  • To examine structures and regular check-ups of various body organs.

Organs that can be scanned through HRCT Scan are:

  • Chest and Pulmonary CT Scan
  • Thoracic and Lumbosacral Spine CT Scan
  • Cranial CT Scan
  • CT Angiographies
  • CT Enterography

The process of HRCT Scan

The process of HRCT scans is harmless and pain-free. The patient has to lie face up or down, depending on the procedure on a sliding scan table, that goes into a hollow circular scanner that has cross-sectional high-resolution X-Rays. Sometimes the patient is injected with Dye to outline the organs for a clearer examination of different body parts.

After the Scan

After the HRCT Scan, the patient can resume his activities as per usual. Fasting patients can take their meals regularly. Reports are prepared by the radiologists, the doctors discuss the reports with the patients about the diagnosis. The reports are usually available after 24 hours of the scan.

How is HRCT beneficial in the Diagnosis process of Pulmonary diseases and COVID-19?

covid 19 in the lungs

There are multiple types of Lung diseases, to be able to diagnose the right one, CT Scans are very useful. HRCT examinations provide valuable information that cannot easily be depicted through medical history and other tests. It ensures accuracy in the prognosis or diagnosis of diseases. It determines the progression of the diseases easily and examines all the major and acute symptoms of worsening of diseases.

Many healthcare institutes prefer using the swab method to identify an infection. Although, according to a research study done by the American Journal of Roentgenology, it was concluded that the CT Scan diagnosis of COVID-19 is fairly accurate with an error rate of 4%. Various people have different preferences regarding diagnosis, HRCT has been a primary tool in the early detection of COVID-19.


About Chaudhary Hospital

Established in 2005 by Dr. B.R. Chaudhary, Dr. Chaudhary Hospital is Udaipur’s first NABH Certified multi-specialty hospital. It is one of the top multi-specialty hospitals in the city of Udaipur. Our hospital is renowned and recognized as a premier healthcare provider in Rajasthan. Keeping in mind the ongoing crisis of the COVID Coronavirus outbreak we have a COVID Care ward with quarantine facilities along with world-class Diagnostic Services listed below:

  • 24/7 HRCT Scan
  • Advanced operations theaters
  • Radiology
  • Intense care units
  • Trauma and Emergency
  • Dialysis, Pathology
  • 24/7 Ambulance Service
  • Pharmacy etc.

Developed with by nDimensions