कार्डियक अरेस्ट क्या होता हैं? क्यों कम उम्र के नौजवान भी इसका शिकार हो रहे हैं?

हमारा दिल हमारे शरीर के सबसे कठिन अंगों में से एक है। इसका मुख्य कार्य ऑक्सीजन युक्त रक्त को पूरे शरीर में पंप करना है। कार्डियक अरेस्ट तब होता है जब दिल अप्रत्याशित रूप से काम करना बंद कर देता है। यह आम तौर पर दिल में विद्युत गड़बड़ी के परिणामस्वरूप होता है, जो अनियमित दिल की धड़कन का कारण बनता है। यह हृदय की पंपिंग क्रिया को बाधित करता है, जिससे शरीर में रक्त का प्रवाह रुक जाता है। यदि तत्काल उपचार न दिया जाए तो व्यक्ति की जान को भी खतरा संभव हैं |

कार्डियक अरेस्ट के लक्षण क्या हैं?

भले ही कार्डियक अरेस्ट एक अप्रत्याशित स्थिति है,लेकिन आप पूर्ण से इस बिमारी से प्रभावित होने से पहले कुछ लक्षणों को अनुभव कर सकते हैं ।

कार्डियक अरेस्ट के प्रारंभिक लक्षण कुछ इस प्रकार हैं:

  • अचानक पतन बेहोशी
  • सांस लेने में तकलीफ
  • कोई दिल की धड़कन नहीं
  • चक्कर आना
  • छाती में दर्द होना
  • मतली और उल्टी

कार्डियक अरेस्ट के मुख्य कारण क्या हैं?

अधिकांश कार्डियक अरेस्ट तब होते हैं जब विद्युत प्रणाली रोगग्रस्त हृदय की खराबी का कारण बनती है। इस तरह की खराबी से वेंट्रिकुलर फाइब्रिलेशन या वेंट्रिकुलर टैचीकार्डिया जैसी असामान्य हृदय ताल हो सकती है। कुछ कार्डियक अरेस्ट दिल की लय (जिसे ब्रैडीकार्डिया भी कहा जाता है) की अत्यधिक धीमी गति के कारण भी हो सकते हैं। ऐसे अनियमित दिल की धड़कन जो कार्डियक अरेस्ट का कारण बन सकती हैं, उन्हें जानलेवा अतालता माना जाता है।

कार्डियक अरेस्ट के अन्य कारण क्या हो सकते हैं?

हृदय के ऊतकों पर निशान पड़ना

यह निशान दिल का दौरा पड़ने से पहले हो सकता है या कोई अन्य कारण हो सकता है। एक दिल जो किसी भी कारण से बड़ा या जख्मी हो गया है, जीवन के लिए खतरा वेंट्रिकुलर अतालता विकसित होने की संभावना है। दिल का दौरा पड़ने के बाद के पहले 6 महीने एथेरोस्क्लोरोटिक हृदय रोग से पीड़ित रोगियों में अचानक कार्डियक अरेस्ट के लिए विशेष रूप से उच्च जोखिम वाली अवधि का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं।

हृदय की मांसपेशियों का मोटा होना (कार्डियोमायोपैथी) , उच्च रक्तचाप, हृदय वाल्व रोग या अन्य कारणों का परिणाम हो सकता है। एक रोगग्रस्त हृदय की मांसपेशी अचानक कार्डियक अरेस्ट के खतरे का कारण बन सकती है

हृदय की दवाएं

कुछ स्थितियों में, विभिन्न हृदय दवाएं हृदय की अनियमित धड़कन का कारण बन सकती है जिससे अचानक हृदय गति रुक ​​सकती है। यह अजीब लग सकता है, लेकिन अतालता के उपचार के लिए उपयोग की जाने वाली एंटी-अतालता दवाएं कभी-कभी सामान्य रूप से निर्धारित खुराक पर भी वेंट्रिकुलर अतालता उत्पन्न कर सकती हैं। इसे प्राथमिक प्रभाव के रूप में जाना जाता है। मैग्नीशियम और पोटेशियम के रक्त स्तर में बड़े बदलाव (उदाहरण के लिए, मूत्रवर्धक का उपयोग करने से) भी जीवन के लिए खतरा अतालता और हृदय की गिरफ्तारी का कारण बन सकते हैं।

विद्युत असामान्यताएं

कुछ विद्युत असामान्यताएं जैसे वोल्फ-पार्किंसंस-व्हाइट सिंड्रोम और लॉन्ग क्यूटी सिंड्रोम बच्चों और युवाओं में अचानक हृदय गति रुकने का कारण बन सकते हैं।

नशीली दवाओं का उपयोग

कुछ नशीली दवाओं के उपयोग से भी अचानक हृदय गति रुक ​​सकती है, यहां तक ​​कि स्वस्थ लोगों में भी

रक्त वाहिका असामान्यताएं

कुछ दुर्लभ मामलों में, जन्मजात रक्त वाहिका असामान्यताएं, विशेष रूप से महाधमनी या कोरोनरी धमनियों में, हृदय की गिरफ्तारी का कारण बन सकती हैं। अक्सर तीव्र शारीरिक गतिविधि के दौरान जारी एड्रेनालाईन अचानक कार्डियक अरेस्ट के लिए ट्रिगर के रूप में कार्य करता है जब ऐसी असामान्यताएं मौजूद होती हैं|

युवा पीढ़ी का कार्डियक अरेस्ट से प्रभावित होने के मुख्य कारण ?

युवा पीढ़ी में कार्डियक अरेस्ट की घटनाओं का बढना एक चिंता का विषय है | और मुख्य रूप से इसका प्रमुख कारण बदलती जीवनशैली और शारीरिक स्वास्थ्य को लेकर की गई लापरवाही हो सकती हैं | आज के युवाओं में पूर्व हृदय जांच करवाने के प्रति कम गम्भीर हैं । लोग बिना पूर्व-हृदय जांच के जिम करना शुरू कर देते हैं और फिर जिम के दौरान वे वेट ट्रेनिंग करते हैं, जिससे उनकी मोटाई बढ़ जाती है। कुछ सप्लीमेंट्स भी लेते हैं जो अच्छे नहीं होते हैं और दिल को नुकसान पहुंचाते हैं, जिससे अतालता हो जाती है।और आगे चलकर यह कार्डियक अरेस्ट के रूप में सामने आतीं हैं |

इसके अलावा जब कोई व्यक्ति अपने किशोरावस्था में होता है, तो वह धीरे-धीरे बढ़े हुए कोलेस्ट्रॉल या अन्य आनुवंशिक कारकों के कारण नगण्य रुकावटों को विकसित करना शुरू कर देता है। हालांकि, जब व्यक्ति एक तीव्र तनावपूर्ण घटना का सामना करता है, तो बिना तैयारी या गंभीर शारीरिक परिश्रम से गुजरता है। संक्रमण जैसे – जैविक तनाव, हृदय पर परिश्रम के कारण पहले से मौजूद रुकावटों के पास थक्के बनते हैं, और यहां तक ​​कि दिल का दौरा भी पड़ता है।

युवा वयस्कों में कार्डियक अरेस्ट के सभी कारण ज्ञात नहीं हैं, लेकिन इसमें शामिल मुख्य कारण निम्न हैं –

हाइपरट्रॉफिक कार्डियोमायोपैथी, आमतौर पर विरासत में मिला और अक्सर इसका निदान नहीं किया जाता है, यह युवा लोगों में एससीए का सबसे आम हृदय संबंधी कारण है। हृदय के निचले कक्षों में पेशीय कोशिकाएं, जिन्हें निलय कहा जाता है, मोटी हो जाती हैं। यह असामान्य हृदय ताल पैदा कर सकता है, खासकर व्यायाम के दौरान। अन्य प्रकार के बाल चिकित्सा कार्डियोमायोपैथी भी भूमिका निभा सकते हैं।

कोरोनरी धमनी असामान्यताएं – जिस तरह से कोरोनरी धमनियां दिल से जुड़ती हैं, उससे व्यायाम के दौरान हृदय की मांसपेशियों को रक्त की आपूर्ति कम हो सकती है और कार्डियक अरेस्ट हो सकता है। कोरोनरी धमनी की असामान्यता वाले युवा आमतौर पर उनके साथ पैदा होते हैं, लेकिन जब तक वे बड़े नहीं हो जाते, तब तक उन्हें कोई लक्षण दिखाई नहीं देता है।

प्राथमिक अतालता– संरचनात्मक रूप से सामान्य दिल वाले लोगों में, अचानक कार्डियक अरेस्ट कभी-कभी अनियंत्रित आनुवंशिक स्थितियों के कारण हो सकता है जो हृदय के विद्युत आवेगों को प्रभावित करते हैं।

शराब का अधिक मात्रा में सेवन करना युवाओं में कार्डियक अरेस्ट का कारण बन सकता है।
हृदय की मांसपेशियों के आनुवंशिक विकार, जिनमें हाइपरट्रॉफिक कार्डियोमायोपैथी और अतालताजनक कार्डियोमायोपैथी शामिल हैं।

निष्कर्ष

कार्डियक अरेस्ट एक गंभीर मेडिकल कंडीशन है। हालांकि, उचित दवा और स्वस्थ जीवन शैली अपनाकर इसे प्रबंधित किया जा सकता है। किसी भी जटिलता से बचने और अन्य स्वास्थ्य स्थितियों को प्रभावी ढंग से प्रबंधित करने के लिए समय-समय पर डॉक्टर से परामर्श लें।

पेट में अल्सर की बीमारी क्या होती हैं? जानिए इसके कारण, लक्षण और उपचार के बारे में

पेट में क्षत या छाले होने को चिकित्सकीय भाषा में अल्सर या पेप्टिक अल्सर कहते हैं। पेट में गाढ़े तरल पदार्थ म्युकस की एक चिकनी परत होती है, जो पेट की अन्दरूनी परत को हाइड्रोक्लोरिक एसिड से बचाती है। इस एसिड की खासियत यह है कि जहां यह एसिड पाचन प्रक्रिया के लिए अहम होता है, वहीं शरीर के ऊतकों को नुकसान भी पहुंचाता है। इस एसिड और म्युकस परतों के बीच मेलजोल होता है। इस संतुलन के बिगड़ने पर ही पेट में छाले होते हैं।

सामान्यतः यह छाले आहार नली पेट और छोटी आंत के ऊपरी भाग में होते हैं। पेट में अल्सर को आमतौर पर गैस्ट्रिक अल्सर भी कहते है जो की पेट की परत पर होने वाले दर्दनाक फोड़े व घाव होते हैं। पेप्टिक अल्सर आमतौर पर वो बीमारी होती है, जो बड़ी और छोटी आंतों को प्रभावित करती है।

पेट में अल्सर होने के मुख्य कारण क्या है?

पेट में अल्सर होने का मुख्य कारण पेट में उत्पन्न हुआ हाइड्रोक्लोरिक एसिड होता है यह पाचन रस पेट या छोटी आंत की दीवारों को नुकसान पहुंचाते हैं, तो अल्सर बन जाता है और पेट में अल्सर का मुख्य कारण भी पेट में अम्ल का बढ़ना होता है |

इसके दो प्रमुख कारण हैं –

बैक्टीरिया – इसे हेलिकोबैक्टर पाइलोरी कहा जाता है। एच. पाइलोरी से प्रभावित अधिकांश लोगों को अल्सर नहीं होता है, लेकिन दूसरों में, यह एसिड की मात्रा बढ़ा सकता है, सुरक्षात्मक बलगम की परत को तोड़ सकता है, और पाचन तंत्र को परेशान कर सकता है। जिससे अल्सर होने की संभावनाएं बढ़ जाती है विशेषज्ञ अब तक यह नहीं जान पाये है कि एच. पाइलोरी संक्रमण कैसे फैलता है? यह एक प्रकार का संक्रमण रोग है जो एक व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति के पास आने से होता है, यह ख़राब भोजन और पानी से भी हो सकता है।

दर्द निवारक दवाएं – यदि आप अक्सर और लंबे समय से एस्पिरिन ले रहें हैं, तो आपको पेप्टिक अल्सर होने की अधिक संभावना है। यह भी सच है कि अन्य नॉनस्टेरॉइडल एंटी-इन्फ्लेमेटरी ड्रग्स (NSAIDs) लेने से भी होता है। NSAIDs आपके शरीर को एक ऐसा रसायन बनाने से रोकते हैं, जो आपके पेट की छोटी दीवारों और पेट की छोटी आंत को एसिड से बचाने में मदद करता है। अन्य प्रकार के दर्द की दवाई,
जैसे -एसिटामिनोफेन ।

इसके अलावा व्यक्ति की कुछ साधारण आदतों के कारण भी पेट में अल्सर होने की आशंका रहती है –

  • धूम्रपान की आदत
  • नशे जैसे शराब या मारिजुआना की लत (जिस खाने से पेट और सीने में जलन हो (एसिड फ़ूड) ऐसे खाने का अधिक मात्रा में सेवन करना)
  • मानसिक और शारीरक तनाव

अगर आप भी इन आदतों का शिकार हैं, तो तुरंत इन्हें छोड़ने की कोशिश करें। पेप्टिक अल्सर होने के बाद इन आदतों के कारण स्थिति अधिक गंभीर हो सकती है।

पेट में अल्सर के मुख्य लक्षण कौनसे है?

पेट में अल्सर होने की अवस्था में व्यक्ति को विभिन्न लक्षणों का आभास हो सकता है | यह सभी लक्षण मरीज की स्थिति की गंभीरता पर निर्भर करते हैं। सामान्यतः पेट में अल्सर से पीड़ित मरीज़ को आहार नली में जलन और दर्द महसूस होता है। यह दर्द खाली पेट की अवस्था में अधिक तीव्र होता है, जो कि काफी लंबे अंतराल तक व्यक्ति को परेशान कर सकता है। पेट में अल्सर का दर्द व्यक्ति दर व्यक्ति कुछ मिनटों से लेकर कई घंटों तक रहता है यानी यह मरीज की अवस्था पर निर्भर करता है |

पेट में अल्सर होने के लक्षण निम्न हैं –

  • पेट में बिना किसी कारण दर्द होना
  • उल्टी होना
  • पेट का फूलना
  • सीने में जलन
  • खून की कमी
  • गहरा मल आना
  • मल में खून आना

इस तरह के लक्षण व्यक्ति को प्रभावित करने के साथ ही उसकी पाचन क्रिया को भी कमजोर कर देते हैं |

अगर पेट में अल्सर का समय रहते इलाज न करवाया जाए तो इससे प्रभावित पीड़ित को जान का भी नुकसान संभव है। हालांकि पेट में अल्सर का जल्द से जल्द परीक्षण करवाने पर सही इलाज की मदद से इसे ठीक किया जा सकता है और इसके बढ़ते प्रभाव को भी कम किया जा सकता है

पेट में अल्सर का इलाज कैसे होता है?

पेप्टिक अल्सर का इलाज छाले होने के कारण पर निर्भर करता है। ज्यादातर मामलों में पेप्टिक अल्सर को डॉक्टर द्वारा बताई गई दवा से ठीक किया जा सकता है। हालांकि कुछ दुलर्भ मामलों में मरीज को सर्जरी की भी आवश्यकता पड़ सकती है।

एच.पाइलोरी के कारण होने वाले इस बीमारी का इलाज कुछ दवाइयों के मिश्रण से किया जाता है।

एंटासिड्स – एसिड ब्लॉकर्स या प्रोटॉन पंप इनहिबिटर – अल्सर की दवा के रूप में इन्हें 2 महीने या उससे अधिक समय तक लेने की सलाह अक्सर दी जाती है। जिससे यह पेट में अम्ल की मात्रा को कम करने और पेट की परत को बचाने में सहायता करते हैं। ताकि अल्सर ठीक होने में मदद हो सके।

यह बेहद आवश्यक है कि आप पेट में अल्सर का सही इलाज करवाएं अन्यथा पेट की यह स्थिति आगे चल के जानलेवा हो सकती है। अगर आपको पेट में अलसर के कारण ब्लीडिंग की शिकायत है, तो हो सकता है की एंडोस्कोपी ट्रीटमेंट के लिए आपको कुछ समय अस्पताल में ही रहना पड़े।

इसके अलावा स्थिति की गंभीरता के अनुसार इस बीमारी का इलाज किया जाता हैं।

शरीर में यूरिक एसिड क्या होता है? शरीर में बढ़ते यूरिक एसिड को कैसे करें कंट्रोल?

यूरिक एसिड प्यूरीन युक्त खाद्य पदार्थों के पाचन से निकलने वाला एक प्राकृतिक अपशिष्ट उत्पाद है। कुछ खाद्य पदार्थों में प्यूरीन उच्च स्तर पर पाए जाते हैं जैसे: कुछ मांस ,सार्डिन ,सूखे मेवे ,बीयर आदि |

आम तौर पर आपका शरीर आपके गुर्दे और मूत्र के माध्यम से यूरिक एसिड को फ़िल्टर करता है। यदि आप अपने आहार में बहुत अधिक प्यूरीन का सेवन करते हैं, या यदि आपका शरीर इस उपोत्पाद से पर्याप्त तेजी से छुटकारा नहीं पा सकता है, तो आपके रक्त में यूरिक एसिड का निर्माण हो सकता है। जिसे उच्च यूरिक एसिड स्तर के रूप में जाना जाता है

शरीर में यूरिक एसिड का उच्च स्तर – हाइपरयूरिसीमिया नामक एक स्थिति के परिणामस्वरूप गाउट का विकास हो सकता है। गाउट एक ऐसी स्थिति है जो सक्रिय होने पर दर्द और सूजन गठिया का कारण बन सकती है। बहुत से लोग जिन्हें हाइपरयूरिसीमिया या गाउट है, वे अपने शरीर में यूरिक एसिड को कम करने के लिए वैकल्पिक चिकित्सा और जीवनशैली में बदलाव की ओर रुख करते हैं, ताकि इस बीमारी के प्रभावों से बचा जा सके।

यूरिक एसिड बढ़ने के कारण क्या हैं?

यूरिक एसिड आपके शरीर में कई कारणों से जमा हो सकता है। इनमें से कुछ कारण इस प्रकार हैं:

कुछ स्वास्थ्य विकार भी उच्च यूरिक एसिड के स्तर पैदा होने की वजह बन सकते हैं – जैसे

  • गुर्दे की बीमारी
  • मधुमेह
  • हाइपोथायरायडिज्म
  • कुछ प्रकार के कैंसर या कीमोथेरेपी

शरीर में बढ़े हुए यूरिक एसिड के लक्षण क्या हैं?

  • जोड़ों में दर्द होना।
  • उंगलियों में सूजन आ जाना |
  • जोड़ों में गांठ की शिकायत होना |

इसके अलावा पैरों और हाथों की उंगलियों में चुभन वाला दर्द होता है जो कई बार असहनीय हो जाता है। इसमें आदमी ज्यादा जल्दी थक भी जाता है।

यूरिक एसिड को कैसे नियंत्रित करें ?

 

प्यूरीन युक्त खाद्य पदार्थों के सेवन को सीमित करें

आप अपने आहार में यूरिक एसिड के स्रोत को सीमित कर सकते हैं। प्यूरीन से भरपूर खाद्य पदार्थों में कुछ प्रकार के खाद्य पदार्थ शामिल होते हैं जो पचने पर यूरिक एसिड छोड़ते हैं। मांस, समुद्री भोजन और सब्जियां। इन सभी खाद्य पदार्थों के सेवन से बचें या इनका सेवन कम करें जैसे: अंग मांस ,तुर्की, मछली और शंख, पका हुआ आलू, वील, फूलगोभी,हरी मटर,सूखे सेम ,मशरूम आदि!

चीनी के सेवन से बचे

यूरिक अम्ल आमतौर पर प्रोटीन युक्त खाद्य पदार्थों से जुड़ा होता है, हाल के अध्ययनों से पता चलता है कि चीनी भी एक संभावित कारण हो सकता है। भोजन में शामिल शक्कर में टेबल शुगर, कॉर्न सिरप और उच्च फ्रुक्टोज कॉर्न सिरप शामिल हैं। प्रसंस्कृत और परिष्कृत खाद्य पदार्थों में चीनी फ्रुक्टोज एक मुख्य प्रकार की साधारण चीनी है। शोधकर्ताओं ने पाया है कि इस प्रकार की चीनी विशेष रूप से यूरिक के उच्च स्तर का कारण बन सकती है

मीठे पेय पदार्थ

शर्करा युक्त पेय, सोडा और यहां तक ​​कि ताजे फलों के रस में फ्रक्टोज और शर्करा युक्त ग्लूकोज होता है। आप यह भी ध्यान रखना चाहेंगे कि उच्च फ्रुक्टोज कॉर्न सिरप में फ्रुक्टोज और ग्लूकोज का मिश्रण होता है, आमतौर पर 55 प्रतिशत फ्रुक्टोज और 42 प्रतिशत ग्लूकोज होता है। रस या अन्य खाद्य पदार्थों में परिष्कृत चीनी से फ्रुक्टोज उन खाद्य पदार्थों से चीनी की तुलना में तेजी से अवशोषित होता है जिनमें प्राकृतिक मेकअप होता है जिसे आपके शरीर में तोड़ने की आवश्यकता होती है। परिष्कृत शर्करा का तेजी से अवशोषण आपके रक्त शर्करा के स्तर को बढ़ाता है और साथ ही उच्च मात्रा में यूरिक एसिड की ओर जाता है। शक्कर वाले पेय को फ़िल्टर्ड पानी और फाइबर युक्त स्मूदी से बदलें।

अधिक पानी पीये

अधिक मात्रा में तरल पदार्थ के सेवन से आपके गुर्दे यूरिक एसिड को तेजी से बाहर निकालने में मदद करते हैं। पानी की बोतल हमेशा अपने पास रखें। आपको कुछ घूंट लेने की याद दिलाने के लिए हर घंटे एक अलार्म सेट करें।

शराब से बचें

शराब पीने से आप अधिक निर्जलित हो सकते हैं। यह उच्च यूरिक एसिड के स्तर को भी ट्रिगर कर सकता है। ऐसा इसलिए होता है क्योंकि आपके गुर्दे को पहले यूरिक एसिड और अन्य अपशिष्टों के बजाय अल्कोहल के कारण रक्त में होने वाले उत्पादों को फ़िल्टर करना चाहिए। कुछ प्रकार के मादक पेय जैसे बीयर में भी प्यूरीन की मात्रा अधिक होती है।

शरीर का वजन कम करें

आपके आहार के साथ, अतिरिक्त पाउंड यूरिक एसिड के स्तर को बढ़ा सकते हैं। वसा कोशिकाएं मांसपेशियों की कोशिकाओं की तुलना में अधिक यूरिक एसिड बनाती हैं। इसके अतिरिक्त, अतिरिक्त पाउंड ले जाने से आपके गुर्दे के लिए यूरिक अम्ल को फ़िल्टर करना कठिन हो जाता है। बहुत जल्दी वजन कम करना भी स्तरों को प्रभावित कर सकता है। यदि आप अधिक वजन वाले हैं, तो सनक आहार और क्रैश डाइटिंग से बचना सबसे अच्छा है। एक स्वस्थ आहार और वजन घटाने की योजना के बारे में पोषण विशेषज्ञ से बात करें जिसका आप पालन कर सकते हैं। आपका डॉक्टर एक स्वस्थ की सिफारिश कर सकता है

इंसुलिन के स्तर को संतुलित करें

जब आप अपने डॉक्टर से मिलें तो अपने रक्त शर्करा के स्तर की जाँच करवाएँ। यह महत्वपूर्ण है भले ही आपको मधुमेह मेलिटस न हो। टाइप 2 मधुमेह वाले वयस्कों के रक्तप्रवाह में बहुत अधिक इंसुलिन हो सकता है। यह हार्मोन आपके रक्त से शर्करा को आपकी कोशिकाओं में ले जाने के लिए आवश्यक है जहां यह हर शारीरिक क्रिया को शक्ति प्रदान कर सकता है। हालांकि, बहुत अधिक इंसुलिन से शरीर में अतिरिक्त यूरिक एसिड होता है, साथ ही वजन भी बढ़ता है। प्रीडायबिटीज नामक स्थिति वाले व्यक्तियों में उच्च इंसुलिन का स्तर और टाइप 2 मधुमेह के लिए उच्च जोखिम भी हो सकता है।

Monkeypox raising concerns in India: All you need to know

According to The World Health Organization (WHO), 80 cases of monkeypox have been detected in 11 countries. The WHO is working to determine the scope and cause of the recent outbreak. An important to consider is that no cases of monkeypox have been reported in India, the issue is being closely monitored by states and the central government. However, the Mumbai civic authority, on the other hand, issued a health advisory on Monday (May 23), stating a special 28-bed unit is being prepared at the Kasturba Hospital for the isolation of suspected patients.

The WHO stated on Friday that the virus is prevalent in some animals and species in several nations, causing outbreaks among locals and tourists. The World Health Organization and its affiliates are attempting better to understand the scope and source of this outbreak. According to the Business Standards, ‘the virus is endemic in some animal populations in several countries, resulting in outbreaks among locals and visitors.’

What is Monkeypox?

The monkeypox virus causes the disease monkeypox. It’s a zoonotic virus, which means it may transfer from animals to humans. It can also spread from person to person. Monkeypox is an uncommon disease caused by a monkeypox virus infection. Monkeypox virus is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the Poxviridae family.

What are the Symptoms of Monkeypox?

Here are some common symptoms of monkeypox:

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle ache
  • Back discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Skin rash or lesions

The rash appears typically one to three days after the fever has started. Lesions can be flat or slightly elevated, filled with clear or yellowish fluid, crusted, dried up, and eventually fall off. A person’s number of lesions might range from a few hundred to several thousand. The rash mostly affects the face, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet. They also appear on the lips, genitals, and eyes.

Symptoms usually last two to four weeks and disappear on their own without any treatment or medication. Monkeypox has a 7-14 day disease period (the time between infection and onset of symptoms), however, it can range from anywhere between 5 and 21 days. Consult your doctor if you think you have symptoms that could be caused by monkeypox. Contact them if you have had close contact with someone who has been diagnosed with monkeypox as soon as possible.

Can People Die from Monkeypox?

Monkeypox can cause death. Monkeypox symptoms usually go away on their own after a few weeks, but they might cause medical issues and in some cases, it can result in death. Monkeypox can cause more serious symptoms and death in newborns, children, and adults with preexisting immune weaknesses. In recent years, 3–6% of reported cases in endemic nations have led to the patient’s death, most often in youngsters or people with underlying health problems.

What is the Status of Monkeypox in India?

In India, no similar case has been reported yet. The pandemic leads in the third phase of its occurrence, and the WHO has already reported an outbreak of a new virus in the form of monkeypox. On the safe side, no cases of the monkeypox virus have been reported in India as of now. The virus is gradually increasing and spreading in other countries and the WHO is working with the countries impacted to provide guidelines on how to treat the infection. We must pay attention to our hygiene, immunity, sleep, and hydration until then. Furthermore, we must adhere to all Covid-19 precautions, including social distancing, hand washing, and masking.

Who are at Risk?

Anyone who comes into direct physical contact with someone who has monkeypox symptoms or with an infected animal is at the greatest risk of contracting the disease. Smallpox vaccine patients are likely to have some protection against monkeypox infection. Younger people, on the other hand, are more at risk as they were not vaccinated against smallpox because smallpox immunization was discontinued worldwide when the illness was declared eliminated in 1980. Even though persons who have had their smallpox vaccine will be protected against monkeypox, they must still take steps to protect themselves and others.

What are the necessary measures taken by the Government of India to prevent the spread of the Disease?

As per the latest government guidelines to stop the spread of monkeypox, identification of sick passengers at airports, lab tests, symptoms, preventive, surveillance tactics, hospital reporting, and community awareness will all be addressed properly. The government of India is spreading awareness and cautions in correspondence with the outbreak of this new disease. The Ministry of Health and the International Centre for Molecular Research are developing guidelines for monkeypox treatment, prevention, community awareness, signs and symptoms of monkeypox, isolation of sick patients returning from monkeypox-affected countries, surveillance strategy at airports and sea ports, hospital infection control measures if any suspected cases have been reported, and many other preventive measures.

Priya Abraham, director of the National Institute of Virology said, “People who appear with specified symptoms must be treated with scepticism at health facilities. All suspected patients must be quarantined in authorised medical institutions until the lesions recede and they are considered suitable to be released. These patients must be reported to the IDSP’s District Surveillance Officer. In addition, all infection control recommendations must be followed. If clinical suspicion exists, clinical samples such as vesicular fluid, blood, sputum, nasopharyngeal, and oropharyngeal specimens must be forwarded to ICMR-NIV, Pune.”

There is currently no safe and effective treatment for monkeypox. Depending on the symptoms, the WHO suggests supportive care and precautions. In such case it becomes critical to raise awareness in order to prevent and control infection.

Conclusion

Monkeypox is the new threat after the outbreak of Coronavirus. Monkeypox cases around the world, according to public health experts, could pose an additional threat in these times. However, India must keep a close eye on the global situation, and there is no reason to panic just yet.

What are the symptoms of the Covid Omicron XE variant, and how dangerous is it?

A day after the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation announced its first case of the new Covid variation ‘XE,’ Gujarat has detected a case of the XE Covid variant, which is thought to be highly transmissible, according to sources. Mumbai has also reported a case of the omicron XE variant. The XE variation was discovered in the United Kingdom and is a mutation of Omicron B.1 and B.2 strains. The XE mutation is now being tracked by the WHO as part of the Omicron variation. Fever, sore throat, scratchy throat, cough and cold, skin irritation and pigmentation, gastrointestinal problems, and a dry cough are all possible Micron symptoms of this new variant.

What is Omicron XE Variant?

The novel COVID-19 variant XE was discovered in the United Kingdom in January 2022. According to the WHO it is five times more contagious than the BA.2 strain. The COVID-19 XE variant was recently discovered in India and is considered to be more highly transmissible than other variants.

The outbreak of Coronavirus is noticed again, and this time there’s an uptick in the spread. During the last few weeks, there has been a fourth wave of Coronavirus throughout Asia and Europe. The corona subvariant omicron BA.2 is thought to be the source of an upsurge in new instances. In this hour of danger, researchers have discovered a new Corona XE Variant

The omicron is significantly less infectious than the latter. So far, the good news is that none of the persons who have been infected around the world has displayed any hazardous symptoms.

Symptoms of Omicron XE Variant

Given the current scenario of the outbreak of the new COVID variant, it is difficult to say whether it is fatal, but recognizing the indications and symptoms might help one avoid catching the sickness.

Here are some of the symptoms of this novel Coronavirus strain.

The variant is currently studied by various scientists around the world. The new variant seems to share common symptoms that of the original omicron. Early indications of such an illness include fever, sore throat, cough, phlegm, and cold, as well as gastrointestinal troubles. Furthermore, for people who are already sick, the new variant may be considerably more harmful. It’s important to remember that the XE variation has only been out for roughly three months and hasn’t spread as far as Omicron. As a result, it is not a separate shape; rather, it resembles Omicron.
The vaccines for COVID-19 might help in fighting against the new Omicron XE variant, as it is a mutation of the original omicron. Because of the enormous number of vaccines given during the third wave, the omicron effect in India was mitigated during the time period and was less harmful than that in the second wave.

The severity of the New Variant

The new variant of the Covid Omicron XE is three times more contagious than the delta Variant. Omicron has a two-day doubling time that is shorter than delta, according to director Rochelle Walensky, showing increased transmissibility. According to a study, the virus strain fueling the outbreak in South Africa is better at evading immunizations and generating less severe diseases. However, the data also shows that, while the number of cases is increasing, hospitalizations are not, leading scientists to assume that the virus’s risk of hospitalization is lower than that of earlier COVID variants. Admitted patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were found to be 29% fewer than those diagnosed with the wave in mid-2020.

Precautions against the new Omicron Variant

Precautions are roughly the same across the board. For the past two years, everyone has been aware of the preventive precautions against this contagious virus. Despite the fact that the local state government has relaxed the mask requirements, I believe we should continue to wear masks, avoid crowded areas, and focus on maintaining our health. We should also make sure we are fully vaccinated, and if a booster dosage is available, we should take advantage of it.

It is important to follow the government norms set for the welfare of the public. it is safer and wiser to adhere to the rules.

Follow these rules for precaution from the third wave of COVID-19:

  • Wear a mask
  • Maintain social distancing
  • Practice proper sanitation
  • Get regular health check-ups and proper medications
  • Consult your nearest doctors if you or your family experience any of the COVID symptoms.
  • Get vaccination and encourage others to do the same.

Conclusion

The central government has advised people not to be alarmed by the new strain and has also stressed the importance of public awareness. The Indian government is keeping a close eye on the situation and issuing appropriate directives as needed.
The precautionary measures and arrangements may also provide greater assistance. It depends highly on the behavioural patterns of the public towards the new Omicron XE virus. Stay at home, follow the doctor’s advice, and maintain distance.

 

Do you know what Influenza is? Is this a viral infection?

Influenza is a virus that affects your respiratory system, which includes your nose, throat, and lungs. The majority of the infected people, recover from the flu on their own. Human-infecting influenza viruses are divided into three categories: A, B, and C.

Type A influenza infection can be dangerous, resulting in widespread sickness and outbreaks. However, influenza and its consequences might be fatal in some cases if not taken properly care of.

The following category of people are at a higher risk of getting influenza:

  • Children under the age of five, particularly those under the age of six months, are vulnerable.
  • Adults over 65 years old
  • Nursing home and other long-term care facility residents
  • Women who are pregnant or who have given birth within two weeks
  • Individuals with weak immune systems
  • Chronic sickness sufferers, such as those with asthma, heart disease, renal disease, liver disease, and diabetes
  • Obese people

What Causes Influenza?

When someone with influenza coughs, sneezes, or talks, the virus spreads through the air. A person might directly inhale the virus in the air or one can also pick up germs from an object (such as a phone or computer keyboard) and then transmit it into their bodies through the eyes, nose, mouth, etc.

People infected with the virus are likely contagious from the day before symptoms begin to five days after they appear. Children and others with compromised immune systems may remain contagious for a longer period of time.

If you’ve already had influenza chances are, your body has already produced antibodies to combat the strain of the virus. If future influenza viruses are similar to those you’ve already encountered, either through infection or vaccination, those antibodies may help prevent or minimize the severity of infection.

Types of Influenza

The four types of Influenza viruses are – A, B, C & D. influenza A, and B viruses cause seasonal epidemics of illness (known as flu season) practically in the winter. The only influenza viruses known to generate pandemics or worldwide outbreaks of flu, are influenza A viruses. Infections with the influenza C virus usually cause only mild disease and are not thought to create human epidemics. Influenza D viruses are mostly found in cattle and are not known to infect or sicken humans.

Symptoms Of Influenza

The flu may appear to be a normal cold at first, with a runny nose, sneezing, and a sore throat. Colds, on the other hand, normally take time to develop, whereas the flu strikes rapidly. And, while a cold might be a bit irritating, the influenza flu usually makes you feel much worse.

The following are some of the most common flu signs and symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Muscle aches
  • Sweats and chills
  • Headache
  • Coughing that is dry and persistent
  • Breathing problems
  • Weakness and exhaustion
  • A stuffy or runny nose
  • Throat irritation
  • Pain in the eyes
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea are common in children, but they are less prevalent in adults.

Prevention

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Everyone over the age of six months should get a flu vaccine every year. The flu vaccine can reduce your risk of getting the flu and its severity, as well as your chances of developing a serious illness as a result of some existing illness.

At this time the flu vaccination is especially crucial because flu and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) share some common symptoms. The flu vaccine may help to minimize symptoms that are similar to those caused by COVID-19. The number of patients who need to stay in the hospital could be reduced if the flu could be prevented. The seasonal flu vaccine protects against four influenza viruses that are projected to be the most prevalent during the flu season. The flu vaccinations are also available as an injection and a nasal spray.

You can also do the following to prevent the spread of the influenza virus:
  • Wash your hands properly
  • Avoid touching your face frequently
  • Properly cover your coughs and sneezes
  • Avoid contact with the crowd

When to Consult a Doctor?

The majority of individuals who have the flu can treat it at home and do not need to see a doctor. If you have flu symptoms and are concerned about complications, make an appointment with your doctor very once. Antiviral medications can help shorten the duration of your sickness and prevent more serious complications. If you’re experiencing flu-like symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

Emergency signs and symptoms in adults may include:

Difficulty in breathing
Chest pain
Dizziness
Seizures
Worsening of other existing medical conditions
Severe weakness, fatigue or muscle pain

Emergency signs and symptoms in children may include:

Breathing problems
Lips turning blue
Pain in the chest
Dehydration
Muscle aches and pains
Seizures
Extensive deterioration of pre-existing medical conditions

Conclusion

Small steps of prevention on your part can help minimize a bigger problem. Influenza is a common disease and its remedy is also available, but it also becomes fatal if it keeps increasing. Hence, proper medication, self-care, and prevention are necessary to reduce the pandemic that could be caused as an effect of the spread of Influenza.

What exactly is a hypochondriac? Is it a Mental Disorder?

Hypochondria or hypochondriasis also called illness anxiety disorder, have an irrational fear of developing a significant medical disease or being at high risk of being ill. They could misunderstand normal body functions and activities as symptoms of sickness. For example, people can believe that a simple sneeze is an indication that they have a terrible disease.

A hypochondriac is fixated on the concept that he/she is dangerously unwell, even after several medical tests with normal reports. The constant health concerns might cause problems in their relationships, professions, and personal lives.

The terms hypochondria and health anxiety may very familiar. Illness anxiety disorder is currently a term used by healthcare providers. People who suffer from illness anxiety disorder are unable to control their emotions. However, they are keenly aware of their problem.

Types of Hypochondriasis?

A person suffering from hypochondriasis usually falls into one of the following categories:

Care-seeking – The sufferers spend a lot of time in a hospital looking for help. They constantly need medical consultations and regular health checkups for themselves.

Care-avoidant – They generally avoid doctors and medical help. They couldn’t trust doctors and believed that the doctors are paying them proper attention.

What Causes Hypochondriasis?

Experts and practitioners don’t exactly know the crux of the development of this problem in people. However, if you have a family history of any of the following, you may be more susceptible to Hypochondriasis:

  • Child abuse or neglect, for example, can cause childhood trauma.
  • Extreme stress
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Rape or physical or emotional abuse
  • Health fears or other anxiety disorders

Symptoms of Hypochondriasis

A Hypochondriac sets an unrealistic assumption that they are severely ill. The illness(es) that they are concerned about frequently changes. It is a type of mental illness. It usually begins in early adulthood and may appear when the individual or someone they know has been diagnosed with a major medical condition or has lost a loved one to a catastrophic medical condition. A psychiatric disease such as panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or serious depression affects about two-thirds of hypochondriacs.

Symptoms of hypochondria can vary depending on a number of circumstances, including stress, age, and whether or not the person is already a chronic worrier.

Hypochondriasis has the following symptoms:

  • Fear of places or people due to the fear of catching a disease or infection
  • Researching diseases and symptoms on a regular basis.
  • Exaggerating symptoms and their severity (for instance, a cough becomes a sign of lung cancer).
  • Anxiety about one’s own health
  • Obsession with normal body functions like heart rate.
  • Oversharing your symptoms and health condition with others
  • Take your blood pressure or temperature on a regular basis to look for indicators of sickness.

Hypochondriac Treatment

When a person goes to the doctor at the first sign of a small illness, their doctor may not take them seriously. However, the person is just concerned about their own health. Sometimes, some doctors may take advantage of the patient’s anxieties by ordering unnecessary tests in order to calm them down. This clearly wastes both, the patient’s time and resources. In such cases, self-help becomes a necessity.

Following are the ways in which a person can treat themselves, or calm themselves during illness anxiety:

  • Learning stress management
  • Applying relaxation techniques
  • Avoiding looking up the possible causes of your symptoms on the internet
  • Avoiding alcohol and recreational drugs, which can exacerbate anxiety
  • Understanding your body and its basic function
  • Make an appointment with a primary healthcare physician
  • Only get necessary tests (set a limit to tests)

It’s worth mentioning that many people refuse to admit that anxiety is a factor in their symptoms. As a result, they are less likely to seek mental health treatment. Hypochondriacs are often so resistant to the idea that they have anxiety that it requires support from their family and loved ones to convince them that they need care.

Complications

  • Excessive worrying can irritate others, which can lead to relationship or family issues.
  • Workplace performance issues or frequent absences
  • Problems with day-to-day functioning, possibly leading to impairment
  • Excessive health-care visits and medical bills have caused financial difficulties.
  • Other mental health conditions, such as somatic symptom disorder, various anxiety disorders, depression, or a personality disorder

Conclusion

Being a hypochondriac and experiencing health anxiety can be debilitating. It can severely affect the lives of the people who suffer from it. If you’re suffering from anxiety seek professional advice, learn to recognize your stress and its effects on your body, and stick to your treatment plan. Take care of your body, take care of yourself.

 

The Importance of Maintaining Physical Activity in Later Life

We’ve heard many times before, that physical activity and exercise are good for health. Numerous studies have demonstrated the major health benefits of exercise, which grow even more vital as we age. Seniors who engage in regular physical activity and exercise improve their mental and physical health, which will help them preserve their mobility and body stamina as they age.

Physical activities can help you avoid a lot of the health issues that appear to come with getting older. It also aids muscle growth, allowing you to carry out your routine activities without becoming reliant on others. Elder people with critical health conditions should be aware of whether and how their illnesses limit their capacity to engage in regular physical activity safely. When chronic conditions prevent elderly people from doing 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week (for example, 30 minutes 5 days a week), they should be as physically active as their abilities and conditions allow.

Let’s look at some of the benefits related to maintaining physical activity in later life:

Disease Prevention through Exercise

Regular physical activity help in preventing a variety of ailments, including heart disease and diabetes. Exercise boosts overall immune function, which is especially crucial for seniors whose immune systems are frequently weakened. Even light activity, such as walking, can be an effective aid in the management of avoidable diseases.

Improves Mental Health

Exercising has numerous mental health benefits. Endorphins (the “feel good” hormone) are released during exercise and work as a stress reliever, leaving you feeling pleased and satisfied at the time. In addition, exercise has been related to increasing sleep, which is especially essential for older persons who typically suffer from insomnia and irregular sleep patterns. In short physical activities does not only positively impact your physique but also your mental health.

Stiff and Strong Body

Falls are more common among older persons, which can be terrible because of their inability to maintain balance. Hence, physical activity provides firmness to their body. increases strength and flexibility, which helps with balance and coordination, lowering the chance of falling. Falls take far longer for seniors to recover from, so everything that will help them avoid them in the first place is essential.

Social Life and Engagement

Exercise can be turned into an enjoyable social event by joining a walking group, attending group fitness courses, or visiting a gardening club. For ageing folks to retain a sense of purpose and avoid emotions of loneliness or sadness, they must maintain strong social links. Above all, choose an activity that you enjoy, and it will never feel like a chore again.

Improved Cognitive Abilities

Cognitive function is aided by regular physical activity and this is achieved through the movement of the body and the brain. Numerous studies show that physically active people have a lower risk of dementia, regardless of when they start a routine. When you engage your body in physical activity you release all toxins and find it really refreshing and relaxing. This gives your brain space and time to relax, leading to improved cognitive abilities.

Other Importance of Physical Activity

  • Gives you energy
  • Can lift up your mood and fight depression
  • Improves strength and helps you stay independent

How to Start?

Throughout the day, older folks should move more and sit less. Remember that any amount of physical activity is preferable to none. There are some health benefits for older persons who sit less and engage in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity. Your health benefits will also rise as you increase your physical activity. In other words, you can simply start by making random movements throughout your day and keeping your body flexible. Slowly and gradually increase your activities and turn them into proper exercise or routine physical activity.

It is safe to exercise for most persons over the age of 65. Patients with chronic conditions can exercise safely as well. Ask your doctor if you’re not sure if exercise is safe for you or if you’re currently sedentary.

Simple Physical Activities

  • Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
  • Park your vehicle a little far from your destination so that you get to walk a little
  • Walking or cycling instead of driving.
  • Walk your dog.
  • Work in the yard.
  • Do little sitting exercises while watching TV

Conclusion

For elder age people, who have less stamina and working capacity, engaging in at least a minimum of 150 minutes a week could also be beneficial. Physical activities are good for people of all ages, and it’s just better when you start prioritizing it. We hope that, regardless of your age, this will inspire you to incorporate physical activity or exercise into your daily routine.

Everything You Should Know About Preventing and Treating Birth Defects

We all know that birth defects occur but can be prevented. If you’re thinking about conceiving or are already expecting a child, you should be aware of the risks of birth defects. Although these cannot always be avoided, there are several areas of prenatal care that can save your unborn child. Not all defects can be prevented, but you have maximum chances of giving birth to a healthy baby simply by managing your health conditions, and including a healthy lifestyle before and during pregnancy.

A birth defect is an abnormality in your newborn baby’s body that is visibly abnormal, internally abnormal, or chemically abnormal. Genetics, infection, radiation, or medication exposure may cause the defect, or there may be no known cause. Genetics birth defects are also very common these days. Phenylketonuria, sickle cell anemia, Down syndrome, and heart defects are examples of birth abnormalities. Let’s discuss and understand birth defects in detail.

What is a Birth Defect?

A birth defect is an abnormality in the body of your newborn baby. It’s a structural alteration in the body that occurs at birth and can affect practically any portion of the body (e.g., heart, foot, brain defects). The severity of birth abnormalities can range from moderate to severe. The health of each kid born with a birth defect is mostly determined by which organ or body part is affected and how much it is impacted. A person’s predicted lifespan may or may not be influenced by a birth abnormality, depending on the severity of the issue and which body part is affected.

Here are some common types of birth defects:

  • Visible – Like a birthmark
  • Internal – Ventricular Septal Defect (hole in the heart at the time of birth) or underdeveloped kidney
  • Chemical – Like phenylketonuria (a defect in a chemical reaction that results in developmental delay)

When your baby is born, your healthcare provider will not be able to detect all birth abnormalities instantly at the time of birth. Scoliosis, for example, may not be visible until your child is several months old. It could take years to detect a dysfunctional kidney.

Here is a list of the 10 most common birth defects:

  • Heart defects
  • Cleft lip/palate
  • Down syndrome
  • Spina bifida
  • Anophthalmia / Microphthalmia
  • Anotia/Microtia
  • Congenital Heart Defects
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Neural tube defects like – Anencephaly
  • Upper and Lower Limb Reduction Defects

Here is a list of rare birth defects:

  • Albinism, ocular
  • Albinism, oculocutaneous
  • Dandy-Walker malformation
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome
  • Epidermolysis bullosa
  • Gorham’s disease etc.
  • Causes of birth defects

Experts aren’t sure what causes most birth defects, but here are a few possibilities:

  • Genetic or inherited factors
  • Infection that occurs during pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy and drug exposure

Can birth defects be Prevented?

While not all birth defects may be prevented, prenatal care and understanding of previous or current disorders can help with the prevention.

Prenatal care is important. Prenatal vitamins with at least 400 mcg of folic acid should be taken daily to help avoid the most common birth defects. If you’re of reproductive age, you should take prenatal vitamins while actively attempting to conceive and/or as soon as you learn you’re pregnant. Avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs, in addition to taking your prenatal vitamin, can significantly reduce the risk of birth defects and pregnancy difficulties.

Awareness of previous or present health conditions is necessary. If you’ve ever had a pregnancy that resulted in a birth defect, it’s crucial to figure out the most likely causes so that your doctor can take preventive steps for your next pregnancy. Spina bifida, for example, is caused by a lack of folate, therefore if you had spina bifida during a previous pregnancy, you can take a high amount of folate to help prevent repeat diagnoses.

Apart from this, you can follow some routine steps for the prevention like:

  • Plan your pregnancy
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Avoid alcohol, tobacco, and street drugs
  • Get 400mcg of folic acid every day
  • If possible, be sure any medical conditions are under control, before becoming pregnant. Some conditions, such as diabetes, can increase the risk for birth defects.

Treatment of Birth Defects

Children with congenital defects or birth defects may require specialized treatment and care. The therapies for congenital birth defects differ, as the symptoms and causes also vary. Treatments range from medications and therapies to surgeries and assistive devices. Surgery, medications, assistive devices, physical therapy, and speech therapy are all options for the treatment. Children with birth defects may require a wide range of services and may need to see many doctors. The child’s primary health care practitioner can coordinate the child’s special needs, and provide necessary treatment right at the time of birth.

Examples of treatment for different types of birth defects:

  • Prednisone and other steroid drugs can help persons with muscular dystrophy improve muscle strength, ability, and respiratory function. Physical therapy can also be used to increase strength and alleviate weakness.
  • Sensory-motor therapy with Velcro-covered “sticky mittens” can help infants with “snag” and examine objects they can’t hold in their hands.
  • Assistive equipment like orthopedic braces helps limb abnormalities to walk
  • Gene therapy techniques are being tested for a number of genetic problems, in which a mutant or absent gene is replaced with a normal version of the gene.
  • In the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS), the treatment is done through a surgical procedure to correct a severe form of spina bifida while the fetus is still in the womb.

Conclusion

The last thing an expecting parent wants to hear is that their unborn kid or infant is born with a problem. Although most birth defects are unavoidable, there are some efforts you may do to lessen the likelihood of environmental consequences. Always discuss your concerns with your healthcare professional and follow their recommendations for screening tests, medicines, and other procedures.

What causes Type 1 Childhood Diabetes? Know the signs, symptoms and course of treatment

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a chronic autoimmune disease in which your pancreas produces little or no insulin. The pancreas is an endocrine gland that controls the amount of sugar in your bloodstream by producing insulin. It also aids in digestion by converting carbohydrates in our food into glucose, which is then pumped into our bloodstream. The glucose is subsequently used as fuel by our cells to power all the functions.

Our cells cannot operate without insulin because of the glucose shortage. Since insulin is a crucial enzyme in our body, its shortage could be dangerous for our body to function properly, especially for children.
When a child is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, it can be stressful, especially at the initial stage. It could come as a shock and the recovery procedure could be a little difficult, so let’s learn more about type 1 childhood diabetes, its diagnosis, and treatment.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a state of illness in which the body’s immune system destroys insulin-making cells in your pancreas. It is also characterized as the body’s inability to produce insulin. This is caused by a condition when the beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed, which further leads to a reduction in insulin production. In the majority of cases in childhood, Diabetes is type 1 diabetes and lives on a lifetime dependence on exogenous insulin. Type 1 diabetes in childhood and adolescence is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. This is because the patient or the child suffering from Type 1 diabetes need insulin injections or insulin pumps to recover.
Childhood diabetes type 2 is similar to type 1, but in this case, your beta cells are destroyed by something other than your immune systems, such as a disease or an injury to your pancreas.

Signs and Symptoms of Childhood Diabetes type 1

The signs of disease could sometimes be subtle, but they can become severe. The early warning signs of childhood diabetes Type 1 are easy to observe and if diagnosed on time, could be treated.

The early signs of childhood diabetes are:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Thirst or dehydration
  • Excessive hunger
  • Nausea and upset stomach
  • The extreme urge to pee
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Heavy breathing
  • Infections in the skin, urinary tract, or vaginal area
  • irritability or mood swings
  • Stomach ache
  • Shaking and confusion

Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes in Childhood

If you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your child, immediately seek a doctor’s consultation for a childhood diabetes diagnosis. Your doctor, if they suspect type 1 diabetes, will check your blood sugar level. The childhood diabetes test is conducted to test if an individual is suffering from Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The doctor might even take urine samples, to test the level of glucose produced in case of insulin deficiency in the body.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

Type 1 diabetes patients can live long and healthy lives if they follow their doctor’s prescriptions and recommendations properly. Firstly, you need to monitor your child’s blood sugar level timely. The doctor will tell you the level where the results should stick within. As needed, make adjustments to the insulin, food, and activities, to maintain or recover the blood sugar level.

Apart from this, Insulin shots are required for every type 1 diabetic patient to keep their blood sugar under control. There are different types of insulin that are available for patients with type 1 diabetes, which should be taken only under doctors’ prescription and supervision.

The majority of insulin comes in a vial, which is a little glass bottle. This is used with the help of a syringe with a needle on the end to draw the liquid out and inject it into the body as a shot. Some models of insulin shots have a pre-filled pen as well. And the last model of inulin shot is inhaled. It comes in the form of a pump that you wear and this pump injects the insulin in the body via a tube. A doctor’s assistance is necessary for determining the optimal type and delivery technique for the body.

Risk Factors For Childhood Diabetes Type 1

Early childhood diabetes has many risks and complications associated with it, this includes:

Family history – Anyone who has a parent or sibling suffering from type 1 diabetes is at a slightly higher chance of having it.

Genetics – Certain genes have higher chances of type 1 diabetes

Viruses – The autoimmune destruction of islet cells may be triggered by exposure to different viruses. For example – enteroviruses.

Preventing Type 1 Diabetes in Childhood

There is presently no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, although researchers are working on it. While there is no concrete solution for childhood diabetes prevention, you can still help your child to avoid complications by following these guidelines.

  • You can help your child in maintaining healthy blood sugar levels.
  • Help and teach your child to consume a healthy and balanced diet and engage in physical activities like exercise, yoga, meditation, etc.
  • Conduct a monthly health checkup for your child, and an eye test on a yearly basis.

Conclusion

Treatment of Type 1 diabetes in children is necessary, and what is most important is knowing the right way to do it. Remember, every treatment begins from home. Your doctor will help you in the treatment, but only you can help your child to maintain good health. Introduce some lifestyle changes and help your child in maintaining the blood sugar level by taking necessary precautions.

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