All about Omicron Virus – How dangerous is the New COVID-19 Variant?

Omicron Virus was first detected in Botswana and South Africa, when it was reported to WHO on November 24th. Scientists and public health experts are concerned about this new coronavirus variant. This new variant is said to be more transmissible and less detectable as the virus has an unusually high number of mutations.

Omicron Virus is a new strain of the virus that causes COVID-19, also known as B.1.1.529. The World Health Organization has labelled the Omicron virus a “variant of concern”. This variant has a large number of mutations and some of which are quite concerning. The variant is highly transmissible and has been detected at higher rates as compared to the other variants.

The organization has warned about the possibility of worldwide hazards as the new variant contains the factor of high risk. So far, the Omicron cases have been found in 20 nations, including India, the United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

What makes omicron different from other variants?

Scientists all over the world are working to comprehend the Omicron variant of Covid-19. This variant is thought to be more hazardous than other variants of COVID-19. Also, according to WHO, it is not sure if Omicron is a more severe disease as compared to other variants. Yet, vaccination is important in minimizing the effect of this new variant.

Omicron has a higher risk of reinfection than other variations of concern, but, information is very little or scarce. The variant carries higher chances of reinfection, i.e. people who previously had COVID have a higher risk of getting infected with Omicron.

Not enough information has been gathered about this new variant, however, reinfections are likely but vaccinated people have fewer chances of developing serious disease.

What are the symptoms to watch out for?

symptoms of omricon

The symptoms associated with Omicron are very similar to previous COVID variants but also differ slightly.

Most Common Symptoms

Fever, cough, weariness, and loss of taste or smell are the most prevalent symptoms of the novel COVID Variant Omicron.

Less Common Symptoms

Sore throat, headache, aches, pains, diarrhoea, a rash on the skin, red or inflamed eyes, and discolouration of fingers or toes are some of the less common symptoms of the novel COVID Variant Omicron.

Serious Symptoms

The novel COVID Variant “Omicron” causes serious symptoms such as trouble breathing or shortness of breath, loss of speech, immobility, ambiguity, and chest pain.
Note – If anyone experiences these symptoms they should immediately consult a doctor and urgently take a COVID test.

What precautions should we take?

covid precautions

According to the Union Government, people should not be alarmed and should instead practice COVID-19-appropriate behaviour and be vaccinated as soon as possible. While experts predict that more information on Omicron will become available in the coming weeks, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued a FAQ to help citizens understand what the Omicron variant of COVID-19 is and what precautions they should take to prevent the stain from spreading.

It is assumed that the precautions and actions to be taken are the same as they were previously. It’s critical to keep your mask on, get completely vaccinated (if not already vaccinated), maintain social distance, and get good ventilation.

How quickly could it spread?

The quick rise of Omicron in South Africa is what researchers are most concerned about, as it shows the mutation could induce a surge in COVID-19 cases elsewhere. Considering the rise in COVID-19 cases and the gathered data, it could be said that Omicron can affect three to six times as many people as Delta and in the same time period. Researchers are actively watching the Omicron spread in other parts of South Africa and all over the world to get a better understanding of its transmissible ability.

Does Omicron cause more severe illness?

Latest reports depict Omicron as a modest or less severe disease. There are chances that this variant will be milder than the previous ones. However, no confirmation is received about this data and prediction. In comparison to the Delta version, which triggered the second wave of coronavirus in the country, the Omicron variant is predicted to cause three times more reinfections. But it can be said that this variant is less dangerous than other variants and is much more likely to be prevented through vaccination.

Will the Covid-19 Omicron variant cause the third wave in India?

As the fast-spreading Omicron makes its way into India, it’s impossible not to wonder if there will be a third wave of Covid-19. And, if that’s the case, is India ready? The second wave of the coronavirus pandemic has hit India hard. However, it is too early to conclude that the Omicron variety will result in the third wave of COVID-19 in the country.
The majority of Indians have antibodies against the fatal virus, and four-fifths of all people have already been partially vaccinated hence, it is unlikely that majority of the Indians will be infected. Furthermore, given India’s rapid vaccination rate and significant exposure to the delta form, the disease’s severity is expected to be minimal.

Conclusion

The central government has advised people not to be alarmed by the new strain and has also stressed the importance of public awareness. The Indian government is keeping a close eye on the situation and issuing appropriate directives as needed.

The precautionary measures and arrangements may also provide greater assistance. It depends highly on the behavioural patterns of the public towards the Omicron virus and its mutants. Stay at home, follow doctor’s advice, maintain distance and help the nation to overcome the impact of the Third wave of COVID-19.

How to select the best physician for your medical treatment?

Finding the right physician is crucial for any treatment. Your primary care physician is the person you will approach for all of your medical issues. They are there to assist you and make necessary decisions for your health by advising, educating, examining, and treating you. There are different types of doctors who can deliver prime care to a patient. Finding the proper doctor will require clarification of your wants and needs from a physician.

Amidst the wide choice, there are several practical aspects to consider before looking for a primary care physician. These factors include – area, eligibility, individual medical needs, and more. Choosing a physician that is far from your region or out of the network can be costly and cumbersome, that is why the following factors should be considered. Patients have a lot of alternatives when it comes to finding a new primary care physician.

It is important to find a doctor you can trust and openly share your problems with. But, when you’re going through a huge list of names on websites and in directories, it is not as easy to identify your health partner (physician). Here are some vital factors to consider while finding a primary care physician:

Recommendations from Friends and Family

Asking for referrals from people you trust is one method to find a primary care physician to fit your convenience. Your family, friends, and coworkers can provide you with valuable information about the doctors they go to.
You can also seek recommendations from allied health professionals like – pharmacists, dentists, physical therapists, and other healthcare professionals who may be able to provide you with useful information on primary care physicians. Furthermore, they may be able to make alternative medical recommendations for you to consider in your search.

Consider the Locality

Before making a decision, ask these questions – ‘How far is the hospital or the physician’s practice center’? ‘How long will it take to reach the place’. The doctor that you have chosen might fit all the brackets but if they are not near to where you live, it can be cumbersome to travel to get the appropriate treatment. Consider that how far is the doctor from your home, school, or office. You will find plenty of health professionals in certain localities while few or none in others. Hence, distance is a vital factor to consider here.

Availability of the Doctor

What are their practise hours? Are they available at the time of emergency or if you need them at night? Are on-call services available? How long does it take to get an appointment? Does the physician offer online check-ups and advice?

While selecting your primary care physician make sure you have the perfect answers to all the above-mentioned questions as per your needs and requirements. A doctor’s availability at any time is important for a patient and especially at the time of emergencies. Hence, make sure the doctor that you choose is easily available whenever you need them.

Is the staff friendly and professional?

You’ll interact with the hospital staff on a frequent basis. Many of your encounters with your primary care provider will be handled by other medical professionals like nurses, receptionists, compounders, etc. Their services would include scheduling and rescheduling appointments, addressing billing concerns, and requesting refills.
Consider these points – What is the staff’s approach towards your problem? Do they address your questions appropriately? Do they bridge the communication between you and the doctor?

Practitioners that meets your health and medical needs

Every doctor is a professional, but the biggest concern is whether they have expertise in the area where you seek proper treatment. A primary physician can be of any type – Family Practice, Internal Medicine, or General Practice. There are also pediatricians or doctors that specialize in children, who will function as your child’s main care physician.

  • Family Practice – The practitioners of FM are general physicians and treat people of all ages from newborns to the elderly.
  • Internal MedicineInternal Medicine physicians generally specialize in adult treatment prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and chronic disorders.
  • General Practice – General practitioners are very similar to Family practice physicians and treat patients of all ages.

Visit the doctor

A face-to-face meeting and an office visit are the only ways to fully tell if you’ve chosen the correct doctor. Your primary care physician should be someone you can trust and rely on when it comes to managing your healthcare. Discuss any current medicines you’re taking as well as your medical history with him or her to ensure that you’re on the same page when it comes to managing chronic diseases.
You should also evaluate other environmental factors like hygiene, treatment methods, the doctor’s response towards you, etc.

Conclusion

While making a decision for a primary health provider, ask your friends, family, work colleagues, etc. The Internet can be quite useful for you. Here are the following things that you should consider before making a decision regarding your physician:

  • Area
  • Time and availability
  • Access to online health checkup
  • Language of communication

It may take some time and effort to find the appropriate provider, but the benefits of having a primary care physician you can trust and be comfortable with are paramount for your own health.

 

क्या होता है निमोनिया? जानिएं इसके लक्षण और बचाव के उपाय!

सर्दी का मौसम शुरू होते ही जुकाम और खांसी से जुड़ी बीमारियों के बढ़ने की संभावनाएं भी बढ़ जाती हैं। आमतौर पर हम जुकाम और खांसी से तो ठीक हो जाते हैं लेकिन कुछ बीमा​रियां ऐसी होती हैं जो सर्दी में अपना प्रकोप ज्यादा दिखाती हैं। उन्हीं में से एक नाम है निमोनिया संक्रमण

निमोनिया एक ऐसी बीमारी है जो अधिकतर बच्चोंं में होती है और इससे दुनियाभर में हर साल हज़ारों बच्चों की मृत्यु भी हो जाती है। हालांकि व्यस्क और वृद्धजनों को भी निमोनिया हो सकता है। निमोनिया होने का अधिक खतरा 65 वर्ष से अधिक उम्र के व्यक्तियों और 2 वर्ष से कम उम्र के बच्चों में ज्यादा रहता है। यह एक ऐसी बीमारी है जिसकी समय पर पहचान और उपचार नहीं हो तो यह जानलेवा भी हो सकती है। ऐसे में हमारे लिए इस बीमारी के बारे में जानना आवश्यक है ताकि हम इसके लक्षणों की पहचान कर सके और समय पर उपचार भी ले सकें।

निमोनिया क्या होता है?

फेफड़ों में संक्रमण का हो जाना निमोनिया कहलाता है। इससे फेफड़े में सूजन की स्थिति बन जाती है। निमोनिया मुख्य रूप से विषाणु और जीवाणु के संक्रमण से होता है। यह वायरस, बैक्टीरिया और पेरासाइट्स के कारण भी हो सकता है। इसके अलावा इसके कम तौर पर अन्य सूक्ष्मजीव, कुछ दवाओं और दूसरे रोगों के संक्रमण से भी होने की संभावना रहती है।

साथ ही अगर निमोनिया को बढ़ावा देने वाली परिस्थितियों और कारकों पर बात करें तो धूम्रपान, रोगी प्रतिरोधक क्षमता में कमी, अत्यधिक शराब पीना, फेफड़ों से जुड़ा गंभीर रोग, गंभीर गुर्दा रोग और यकृत रोग शामिल हैं। इसके अलावा कुछ दवाओं जैसे प्रोटॉन-पंप इन्हिबटर्स या H2 ब्लॉकर्स के उपयोग से भी निमोनिया का खतरा बढ़ने की संभावना रहती है। वृद्धावस्था में भी निमोनिया का खतरा बढ़ जाता है। इसके अलावा अस्थमा (दमा), हृदय रोग, ब्रोन्किइक्टेसिस आदि से पीड़ित मरीजों में भी निमोनिया का जोखिम ज्यादा रहता है।

निमोनिया कितने प्रकार का होता है?

निमोनिया पॉंच प्रकार का होता है, जो इस प्रकार है।

  • बैक्टीरियल निमोनिया
  • वायरल निमोनिया
  • माइकोप्लाज्मा निमोनिया
  • एस्पिरेशन निमोनिया
  • फंगल निमोनिया

निमोनिया संक्रमण के लक्षण क्या है?

pneumonia infection symtoms hindi
किसी भी बीमारी की पहचान के लिए उसके लक्षणों की जानकारी होना बहुत जरूरी है। ऐसे में निमोनिया जैसी गंभीर बीमारी के लक्षण भी समय पर पहचान लिए जाए तो उपचार में आसानी रहती है। जानिएं निमोनिया के लक्षण

निमोनिया संक्रमण के प्रमुख लक्षणों में खांसी, सीने में दर्द, बुखार और सांस लेने में कठिनाई होती है। साथ ही अगर आपका तापमान 105 डिग्री फारेनहाइट तक पहुंच गया है तो यह निमोनिया का संकेत हो सकता है।

  • सामान्य तौर पर फ्लू जैसे लक्षण दिखते हैं जो बाद में धीरे धीरे या फिर एक दम से बढ़ने लगते हैं।
  • रोगी में कमजोरी आ जाती है और थकान महसूस होती है।
  • रोगी को बलगम वाली खांसी आती है।
  • रोगी को बुखार के साथ पसीना आता है कंपकंपी महसूस होती है।
  • सांस लेने में कठिनाई होने से रोगी तेज या जोर जोर से सांस लेने लगता है।
  • रोगी को बेचैनी होती है।
  • रोगी को भूख लगनी कम या बंद हो जाती है।
  • बीपी का कम हो जाना
  • खॉंसी में खून आना
  • धड़कन का तेज हो जाना
  • मतली और उल्टी आना

बच्चों में भी निमोनिया के लक्षण इसी प्रकार समान रहते हैं।

निमोनिया की जांचें और उपचार

सामान्य तौर पर निमोनिया के लक्षण दिखने पर तुरंत चिकित्सकीय परामर्श लेना चाहिए। अगर हम निमोनिया की जांच और उपचार पर बात करें तो डॉक्टर के द्वारा रोगी को छाती का एक्सरे करवाने का कहा जाता है। साथ ही स्टेथोस्कोप से फेफड़ों की गति सुनने पर डॉक्टर को फेफड़ोंं से कुछ आवाज आती हुई भी सुनाई देती है। इसके अलावा डॉक्टर्स के द्वारा खून की जांच, सीटी स्कैन, बलगम की जांच, ब्रोंकोस्कोपी आदि भी करवाने की सलाह दी जाती है।

अगर हम निमोनिया संक्रमण के उपचार की बात करें तो य​ह बीमारी की स्थिति, रोगी की उम्र पर भी निर्भर करता है। हालांकि डॉक्टर्स के द्वारा एंटीबायोटिक्स, खांसी कम करने की दवाएं, बुखार एवं दर्द कम करने की दवाएं दी जाती हैं ताकि रोगी को आराम मिल सके। इसके अलावा कुछ घरेलू उपायों के द्वारा भी रोगी को राहत देने का कार्य किया जाता है।

निमोनिया संक्रमण होने पर अस्पताल में भर्ती कब होना चाहिए?

चिकित्सकीय परामर्श के बाद अगर ​डॉक्टर को लगता है कि आपको अस्पताल में भर्ती किया जाना चाहिए तब वे भर्ती होने की सलाह देते हैं। हालांकि इन विभिन्न परिस्थितियों में रोगी के अस्पताल में भर्ती होने की संभावना रहती है, वह इस प्रकार हैं।

  • अगर रोगी की आयु 5 वर्ष से कम एवं 65 वर्ष से अधिक हो।
  • यदि रोगी में स्थान, समय एवं व्यक्ति को लेकर भ्रम की स्थिति हो।
  • अगर सांस लेने में अत्यधिक तकलीफ हो।
  • अगर रोगी का तापमान 105 डिग्री फारेनहाइट तक हो।
  • यदि हार्ट बीट की दर 50 से कम या 100 से अधिक हो।

निमोनिया संक्रमण से बचाव के तरीके क्या है?

Pneumonia Infection prevention
प्रथम तौर पर जन्म के बाद टीकाकरण के माध्यम से निमोनिया को रोका जा सकता है। इसमें शिशुओं के लिए PVC13 और बच्चों व वयस्कों के लिए PPSV23 नामक टीके लगाए जाते हैं। निमोनिया से बचाव के लिए दूसरे तरीकों में धूम्रपान से दूरी, साफ सफाई रखने, मास्क पहनने, पौष्टिक आहार लेने, व्यायाम, योग के माध्यम से निमोनिया से बचा जा सकता है।

Learn about Fungal Infections and Diseases in Brief

Fungal Infection of the skin is also known as Mycosis. It is a mild disease, however, in some conditions, it can also lead to severe disease. It can affect anyone and can appear on any part of the body. Fungal diseases in humans are caused when an invasive fungus takes over an area of the body that the immune system cannot control. Different types of fungi can cause fungal infection and it can be contagious. The most common diseases caused by fungal infection are Athlete foot, Fungal nail infections, Ringworm, Vaginal candidiasis, candida infections on the mouth, throat, and oesophagus. There are several anti-fungal medicines available for fungal infection treatment.

Note: The treatment should be taken as per the doctor’s recommendation.

What is Fungal Infection?

Fungal Infection is a skin disease caused by fungus. Just like microbes, there are two types of fungus – helpful fungus and harmful fungus. A fungal infection is caused when a harmful fungus invades the body and starts growing in a particular region. These fungi can be difficult to kill and their growth prevention is only possible with the help of medicines.

Fungal infections can be contagious and can spread from person to person. Its prevention is a must. In some severe cases, one might be infected with disease-causing fungi, spread from infected animals, or contaminated soil or surfaces.

Fungal Infection – What are its types?

Fungal Infection can occur anywhere on one’s body. Mycosis is the medical term for a fungal infection. Although most fungi are harmless to humans, some of them can cause disease in certain circumstances.

The most common types of fungal infections are:

 

Athlete’s foot

The athlete’s foot is also known as Tinea Pedis. It is a fungal infection that infects your foot and is contagious. The fungi develop in warm and damp environments in areas like shoes, socks, locker rooms, etc. These are generally found in hot and humid climates.

Following proper hygiene like changing sweaty socks and cleaning shoes might prevent the infection.

Symptoms :
  • Itching
  • Stinging
  • Burning sensation
  • The skin might crack, peel or blister

Jock Itch

Jock itch is caused by tinea, a type of fungus. It is also known as tinea cruris. Tinea develops in warm and humid body environments like genitals, inner thigh, and buttocks. The infection usually happens in summer when the environment is suitable for the fungus to grow. Jock itch is a rash that is usually ring-shaped and is red and itchy.

Symptoms:
  • Redness on skin
  • Itchiness
  • Burning sensation
  • Cracks on skin
  • Rashes
  • Changes in skin colour

Ringworm

Ringworm, as the name suggests isn’t really a worm but a fungal infection. It is also called Tinea Corporis. Ringworm, as the name suggests, can cause a circular rash (ring-shaped) that is usually red and itchy.

Symptoms:
  • Patches that blister and bleed
  • Bald patches on the scalp
  • Ring-shaped patches
  • Thick, discoloured, or cracked nails

Yeast Infection

Yeast infection is also called Cutaneous Candidiasis. The infection is caused by a type of fungus called Candida. The infection is not contagious. It develops mostly in warm and damp areas of body-like armpits. This infection mostly affects obese people and the ones with diabetes.

Symptoms:
  • Pain
  • Itchiness
  • Fluid discharge
  • Swelling
  • redness

Toenail Fungus

Onychomycosis is a fungus that can harm your toenails, fingernails, and nail beds.
It is also known as Tinea Unguium. A small light-coloured spot appears on the toe skin and as it grows deeper, it changes into the colour of the nail.

Symptoms:
  • Patches under the nail
  • White or yellow streaks under the nail
  • Broken nailbed
  • Thick nails

Some common symptoms related to Fungal Infections

Fungal infections are most likely to affect the regions like skin, nails, or lungs. Once infected, fungi can also affect your organs. This can lead to many organ-related problems in the body.

There are some symptoms related to fungal infection. Understanding them might help you prevent the infection at an early stage. The symptoms of fungal infection generally depend on its type, but these are the most common symptoms of fungal infection:

  • Irritation
  • Scaly skin
  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Blisters

Diagnosis of Fungal Infection

fungal infection

Fungal infection is generally visible as it creates some patches or discolouration on the affected region. An infection caused by a fungus can be identified based on its appearance. In such conditions, it is necessary to consult a doctor and get it tested. If doctors are uncertain, they usually take a skin sample to inspect for the fungus. It is generally done to diagnose the type of fungus that has infected the area.

In some cases like yeast infection, the doctor may ask about the patient’s medical history and ask for a skin sample for test. They might also question if the person has taken antibiotics as it might also be the cause of infection.

Treatment:

After the diagnosis is done and the type of fungal infection is confirmed, the doctor will recommend a treatment, depending on the symptoms. A treatment includes – ointments for application on the skin, creams, anti-fungal medicines, tablets, and suppositories, as these are sufficient to treat maximum cases of fungal infection. Some severe cases might require regular check-ups and a prescription. Cleaning the infected area and maintaining the hygiene by keeping it dry, may help in quick recovery.

Prevention:

  • Wear loose clothes
  • Take a balanced diet as it helps in increasing immunity
  • Keep gentle parts of the body like – armpits, genitals, vagina clean and dry
  • Maintain proper hygiene
  • Wash underwear and clothes properly
  • Avoid using shared items like towels

Conclusion:

Regular treatment can be used to treat fungal skin infections. This includes – application of ointments, medicines, etc. Severe infections may necessitate the use of additional treatments. Taking necessary preventions might help in reducing the effect of the infection and block it from growing further. Always consult your doctors if any such symptoms are noticed on the skin, to prevent serious complications. Most cases of fungal infection can be easily treated with necessary precautions and medicines.

Understanding Post-covid Problems: How to handle symptoms after recovery?

COVID-19 is a malicious disease that has paced all over the world. After its first appearance, the world had to go under a second wave which saw more deaths and increased occurrences of post-COVID problems. By far, people are readily following government guidelines to prevent the third wave of COVID-19. The government has made it mandatory for all eligible individuals to get the COVID-19 vaccine. Following its threat, people are not just frightened of the illness but also its after-effects. Coronavirus is a posing problem as it leads to various lung and heart diseases even after recovery.

Even a minor case of COVID-19 can cause agonizing headaches, intense exhaustion, and body aches that make it difficult to get comfortable. Most people being affected with COVID-19 gets better within a few weeks, but eventually, fall a victim to post COVID illness. Even after recovery people generally experience a month-long weakness, fatigue, and other health-related issues. Even persons who did not show symptoms of COVID-19 in the days or weeks following their infection can develop post-COVID complications.

These symptoms after initial recovery are also called long COVID, long-haul COVID, post-acute COVID-19, long-term effects of COVID, or chronic COVID. Aged people or people with some long-term existing illness have high chances of experiencing lingering COVID-19 symptoms.

How do the post-COVID symptoms affect after recovery?

Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which begins while a person is hospitalized and can even remain after being fully recovered and discharged. Severe sickness weakens thinking ability and post-traumatic stress disorder are all possible side effects of hospitalization (PTSD). PTSD is the result of long-term reactions to a traumatic incident.

Some symptoms that a person experience after their discharge are very similar to the symptoms of mild COVID illness. It becomes difficult to comprehend the after-effects of the virus and PTSD. However, it is necessary to consult a doctor before assuming anything. Good health is the sign of complete recovery, and in COVID, until and unless you are completely healthy you have not fully recovered.

Post-COVID Symptoms – What are those?

Usually, some people experience symptoms that can last for weeks or months after recovery from COVID-19. These symptoms can occur in any person even if they have mild or severe COVID illness. The post-COVID symptoms include:

  • Difficulty in breathing or short breaths
  • Fatigue
  • Conditions that worsen after physical or mental activities (also known as post-exertional malaise)
  • Difficulty in maintaining concentration
  • Cough
  • Chest or stomach pain
  • Headache
  • Fast heart-beats (also known as heart palpitations)
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Itching
  • Diarrhoea
  • Sleeping issues
  • Fever
  • Frequent dizziness
  • Rashes
  • Mood swings
  • Change in smell or taste
  • Changes in menstrual period cycles

People with maximum risk of developing post-COVID syndrome include:

  • Old age people
  • People recovered from severe illness
  • Individuals with bad health conditions, particularly cardiopulmonary issues, hypertension, diabetes, or obesity

What are the long-term effects of COVID-19?

The most common long-lasting effects of COVID are – Fatigue, shortness of breath, cough, joint pain, Chest pain. Some other long term effects include:

Lung Problems

A bad case of COVID-19 can cause long-term and permanent issues related to the lungs like breathing problems. Even a meagre infection can cause shortness of breath for a long period.

Heart Problems

It is proven that 60% of those recovering from COVID have signs of ongoing heart problems, leading to inflammation of heart muscles. Some common symptoms include – shortness of breath, palpitations, and rapid heartbeat.

Kidney Damage

If the COVID has caused kidney damage, it might need dialysis

Neurological problems

Long-term symptoms of COVID may include brain fog, fatigue, headaches, and dizziness. More research is being done in the field.

Distorted Smell or Taste

The coronavirus directly affects the cells present in the nose and tongue as these senses are interrelated. A case of COVID-19 can result in a loss of taste or smell. It’s not life-threatening but a long loss of taste or smell can lead to a lack of appetite, anxiety, and depression.

Mental Health issues

The lingering effects of COVID-19 can even lead to anxiety and depression. Mental Health issues are very common in people recovering from COVID-19, especially those who were hospitalized. Physical and mental changes like long isolation, job loss, financial issues could be quiet problematic after a recovery. Consult a psychiatrist or a therapist for physical and mental health improvement.

It is also important to remember that most people who suffer from COVID-19 recover quickly but can still have lingering effects of COVID. The long-lasting impact of COVID-19, make it really necessary to prevent it from spreading. Its spread could only be reduced by following the necessary precautions. Precautions include wearing masks, social distancing, avoiding crowds, getting a vaccine when available, and keeping hands clean.

What should you do if you’re experiencing post-COVID syndrome?

  • Schedule an appointment with your primary health physician
  • If you were hospitalized for a more severe illness then there are chances that you were treated by a cardiologist.
  • Better consult a cardiologist for heart diseases and chest pain.
  • Eat healthy food and drink plenty of water
  • Keep a check on your heartbeats and breathing rates
  • Do breathing exercises to maintain breathing capacity after being affected by COVID

Lastly, remember these preventive measures to reduce the risk of COVID-19 and to stop it from spreading:

  • Social distancing
  • Wear a mask
  • Avoid crowds or large gatherings
  • Practice excellent hand hygiene and avoid touching your face constantly

How to reduce the long-term effects of COVID-19?

The long-lasting effects of COVID-19 become even more important for us to reduce its spread. This can be done by following a major step i.e. getting a COVID-19 vaccine. (if you are eligible) click here to read more – https://www.chaudharyhospital.in/corona-vaccine-important-information-hindi/

  • Consult your doctor or physician to understand self-management of these after-effects
  • Take the prescribed medicines till the symptoms are not eradicated completely.
  • Note down the symptoms, their ranges, and their impact on your well-being, and record the progress as well.
  • For symptoms of mental issues, consult a therapist or join self-help groups. It can help you deal with anxiety, depression, or sleep problems
  • Ensure that you have emergency contacts – doctors, physicians, cardiologists (for respiratory problems), and a therapist in all cases.
  • Stay motivated and take a healthy diet to improve immunity to fight against such diseases.

If you’re not eligible for vaccination, then take necessary precautions to protect yourself and others from the threat of COVID.

Conclusion

Considering that the outcomes of COVID are severe, it becomes necessary to take necessary precautions in such hard times. The most important step is to get the COVID-19 vaccine and follow government guidelines. If any of your family members have suffered from COVID, and experienced post-COVID problems, then consult your doctor and take timely measures for complete recovery.

जानिए क्या हैं डेंगू बुखार एवं उसके कारण ,लक्षण और इलाज

मौसम में परिवर्तन होने के साथ ही बीमार होना भी स्वाभाविक है, इसमें कुछ ऐसी बीमारियां होती है जो आगे चलकर हमारे लिए घातक सिद्ध हो सकती हैं। ऐसे में इन बीमारियों से बचाव के उपाय ही हमें स्वस्थ रख सकते हैं। इसी में एक बीमारी है डेंगू।

डेंगू का यूं तो कोई पूर्णतः इलाज नहीं है इसीलिए प्रथम तौर पर इसके कारणों के रोकथाम को अपनाने की ही सलाह दी जाती है ताकि हम इस बीमारी से बचे रहें।

डेंगू क्या हैं?

डेंगू (dengue) एक प्रकार का वायरस है। इससे होने वाला बुखार ही डेंगू का बुखार कहलाता है। यह बीमारी एडीज नामक मच्छर के काटने से होती है। डेंगू आमतौर पर मादा एडीज़ इजिप्टी मच्छर के काटने से फैलता है। ये विशेष प्रकार के मच्छर होते हैं, जिनके शरीर पर चीते जैसी धारियां पाई जाती हैं।

एडीज के काटने के 3 से 5 दिन के बाद डेंगू बुखार के लक्षण दिखने लगते हैं। एडीज मच्छर को पूरी तरह से खत्म कर पाना संभव नहीं है और यह मच्छर गर्म माहौल में भी जिंदा रह सकता है। एडीज इजिप्टी मच्छर के अंडे इतने बारीक होते हैं कि इन्हें आंखों से नहीं देखा जा सकता है।

एडीज मच्छर के काटने पर वायरस तेजी से मरीज के शरीर में अपना असर दिखाने है। जिसके कारण तेज बुखार और सिर दर्द जैसे लक्षण दिखाई देते है। डेंगू होने पर मरीज के ब्‍लड में प्लेटलेट्स की संख्या तेजी से कम होने लगती है जिसके कारण कई बार रोगी की जान का खतरा तक बन जाता है। डेंगू के शुरुआती लक्षण सामान्य बुखार से मिलते जुलते होते हैं।

डेंगू के लक्षण क्या हैं?

डेंगू आमतौर पर बच्चों को होने वाली बीमारी है लेकिन बड़े भी इसका शिकार हो जाते हैं। वैसे तो डेंगू के लक्षण भी सामान्य बुखार जैसे ही होते हैं। एडीज मच्छर के काटने के 4 दिनों से लेकर 2 सप्ताह के बीच कभी भी डेंगू के लक्षण दिखाई दे सकते हैं।

  • 40°C / 104°F टेंपरेचर वाला तेज बुखार
  • डेंगू के दौरान रोगी को 40 डिग्री सेल्सियस तापमान का तेज बुखार आता हैं।
  • -तेज सिर दर्द
  • डेंगू में व्यक्ति के सिर में तेज दर्द होता है।
  • आंखों के पीछे दर्द
  • रोगी को सिर दर्द के साथ आंखों के पीछे भी दर्द होता है।
  • उल्टी, हड्डियों में दर्द
  • डेंगू के दौरान जी मचलना या उल्टी लगना, ग्रंथियों में सूजन हो जाना, जोड़ों, हड्डियों और मांसपेशियों में दर्द होना और त्वचा पर लाल चकत्ते होना भी

अन्य लक्षण

इसके अलावा गंभीर लक्षणों में मसूड़ों से खून आना, खून की उल्टी लगना, तेज-तेज सांस आना और शरीर टूटना/बेचैनी जैसे लक्षण भी डेंगू में देखे जाते हैं।

डेंगू बुखार को कैसे पहचाने

डेंगू की प्रथम चरण में पहचान मुश्किल है लेकिन कुछ लक्षणों के आधार पर हम इसे पहचान सकते हैं। डेंगू में बुखार का तापमान चढ़ जाता है और बुखार आने के वक्त ठंड लगने लगती है। इसके अलावा भूख लगनी कम हो जाती है और ब्लडप्रेशर भी गिरने लगता है और चक्कर आने शुरू हो जाते हैं।

इसके अलावा डेंगू से जब रोगी गंभीर अवस्था में पहुंच जाता है तब लक्षण बढ़ जाते हैं। जिसमें पेट में तेज दर्द होना, लीवर और सीने में फ्लूइड का जमा होना, खून में प्लेटलेट्स का कम होना, रक्तस्राव आदि लक्षण भी नज़र आने लगते हैं।

डेंगू बुखार होने के कारण

  • डेंगू दिन में काटने वाले 2 प्रकार के मच्छरों एडिज इजिप्टी और एडिज एल्बोपेक्टस के काटने से होता है।
  • डेंगू वायरस 4 प्रकार का होता है। यह DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, DEN-4 के नाम से जाना जाता है। इसमें DEN – 1 और DEN – 3 अधिक खतरनाक होता है। डेंगू बुखार ‘डेंगू’ वायरस के संक्रमण से होता है।
  • डेंगू सभी प्रकार के मच्छरों से नहीं फैलता है। यह केवल कुछ जाति के मच्छरों के काटने से होता है। जो मुख्यतः ‘फ्लाविविरिडे’ परिवार और ‘फ्लाविविरस’ जीन का हिस्सा होते है।

डेंगू बुखार से बचाव के उपाय

1. डेंगू से बचाव के लिए घर के आसपास पानी जमा नहीं होने देना चाहिए। इसके अलावा लंबे समय तक किसी भी बर्तन में पानी भरकर नहीं रखना चाहिए क्योंकि इससे मच्छर पनपने का खतरा रहता है।

2. पीने का पानी को हमेशा ढंककर रखना और बदलते रहना चाहिए ताकि मच्छरों को बढ़ने का मौका नहीं मिले।

3. कूलर का पानी हर दिन बदलते रहना चाहिए, इसमें भी मच्छर पनपने का खतरा बढ़ जाता है।

4. खि‍ड़की और दरवाजों पर मच्छर से बचने के लिए जाली लगानी चाहिए ताकि बाहर के मच्छर अंदर नहीं आ सके।

5. हमेशा पूरी बांह के कपड़े पहनने चाहिए या फिर शरीर को जितना हो सके ढंक कर रखना चाहिए ताकि मच्छर नहीं काट सके।

डेंगू का इलाज क्या है?

डेंगू का इलाज चिकित्सकीय परामर्श से जरूर संभव है। लेकिन इसके लिए कोई वैक्सीन उपलब्ध नहीं है। इसीलिए डेंगू से रोकथाम की सलाह दी जाती है।

  • डेंगू होने पर अधिकाधिक आराम करें।
  • चिकित्सकीय सलाह लेकर इलाज करवाएं
  • शरीर में पानी की कमी नहीं होने दें।
  • तरल पदार्थों का सेवन करते रहें।
  • साफ, स्वच्छ एवं मच्छरों से बचाव कर सोए।

डॉ.चौधरी हॉस्पिटल

उदयपुर (राजस्थान ) के हिरण मगरी सेक्टर 4 एरिया में स्थित डॉ.चौधरी हॉस्पिटल शहर का प्रमुख मल्टीस्पेशलिटी अस्पताल है। 2005 में स्थापित डॉ.चौधरी हॉस्पिटल में संभाग भर से हज़ारों मरीज इलाज के लिए आते हैं एवं ठीक होकर घर जाते हैं। चौधरी हॉस्पिटल में उचित दरों में इलाज व जांच सुविधा उपलब्ध है।

डॉ.चौधरी हॉस्पिटल की विशेषताएं

  • एनएबीएच प्रमाणित
  • स्वास्थ्य सेवाओं में 15 साल का अनुभव
  • प्रति वर्ष 4 लाख+जांचें
  • विशेषज्ञ डॉक्टरों की टीम
  • सटीक परिणाम
  • अत्याधुनिक डायग्नोस्टिक लैब्स
  • कोविड केयर यूनिट

Everything you need to know about Scrub Typhus

Scrub Typhus, often known as bush typhus, is a bacterial disease. It is a Rickettsial infection caused by a bacteria called Orientia tsutsugamushi. As a vector-borne illness, it has been previously reported in India and other South Asian countries. Scrub typhus is transmitted to humans via infected chigger bites (larval mites). The mite only feeds on warm-blooded animals’ serum during its development cycle. The results of which are visible bite marks on the groin, armpits, genitalia, and neck are common as a result of the attack. Symptoms like – fever, headache, body aches, and rash, are commonly noticed in patients. 

Scrub Typhus is an emerging threat in India. In the last month, numerous cases of scrub typhus were reported in cities of Uttar Pradesh. The first case was reported in Firozabad (UP), and then the disease started spreading in cities like – Agra, Mathura, Mainpuri, Etah, and Kasganj. According to TWC India, many people are preparing to vacate their houses and move to a different city to escape the panic that emerges with the disease. 

Here we address a few questions about Scrub Typhus – its causes, diagnoses, and treatment. 

What are the symptoms of Scrub Typhus?

Symptoms of scrub typhus typically begin within ten days of a bite from mites. Its symptoms are similar to that of many other vector-borne or rickettsial diseases. The signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fever and chills
  • Headache
  • Body aches and muscle pain
  • A dark, scab-like region at the site of the chigger bite (also known as eschar)
  • Mental changes, ranging from confusion to coma
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Rash

Some patients experience joint pains, which is a symptom of chikungunya. The infection can cause breathing difficulties, brain and lung disease, kidney failure, and subsequently multi-organ failure, which can lead to death. Organ failure and bleeding are common in people with serious illnesses, and if left untreated, they can be fatal.

Diagnosis and Testing

As the early symptoms are not disease-specific, the diagnosis can be difficult. Generally, the disease is revealed through a blood test. There is no vaccine yet for this bacterial disease. Hence, antibiotic doxycycline is generally prescribed to the patients. 

Scrub typhus has symptoms that are similar to those of many other diseases and infections. If you get the symptoms indicated above after spending time in an area where scrub typhus is present and is found in other people, you should necessarily consult a doctor.

If you’ve recently travelled, let your healthcare professional know where you went and when. Give then a detailed description of your travel history. This will help in a clear and early diagnosis of the disease.

What are the treatments for the disease?

There is no vaccine or any proper treatment available for this illness. However, antibiotics could be given to the patient for the treatment. Scrub typhus should be treated with the antibiotic doxycycline. Doxycycline can be used or given to a patient of any age. Antibiotics are most effective and give the best results if given at the early stages of the disease (as soon as the symptoms begin. Those who are treated with doxycycline recover quickly. 

What preventive measures should be taken against Scrub Typhus?

Things to keep in mind:

  • No vaccine is available for Scrub typhus, so immediately seek medical treatment, if any related symptoms are noticed
  • It is necessary to reduce the risk of getting infected by scrub typhus. Hence avoid contact with infected chiggers
  • When traveling to areas with prone scrub typhus, avoid areas or places with vegetation and brush off before you sit or if you locate a chigger somewhere
  • Insect repellent can be used to kill the mites and prevent further development in the house
  • Avoid busy areas or areas with more plantations as they may have disease-carrying bacteria’s – Chigger
  • Wear full protective clothing and don’t go near busy areas with uncovered body parts. It is recommended especially for children to cover their arms and legs, and use mosquito nets for protection. 

To combat this situation, the government has ordered to cut bushes on a regular basis to prevent chigger development in the areas. Immediate actions are taken to prevent further growth of chiggers. Patients appear to have received the medications they sought. The government is still devising strategies to curb the spread of the disease.

Conclusion:

After COVID-19, the emergence of scrub typhus should be addressed properly. The disease has not yet spread widely but there are chances of plague in the nearby areas. Government orders should be followed properly and utmost care should be taken in order to prevent the infection. Use insect repellant and wear full clothes for firsthand prevention of the infection. Besides, follow the government’s guidelines. Make sure to seek treatment immediately if you experience any of the above-listed symptoms.

Third wave of Covid-19 – How deadly can it be?

Several prevalent studies have given health planners the confidence that India is better positioned to deal with COVID-19. It is also reported that most of the population in India has developed antibodies to fight against the deadly Coronavirus.

However we still need to tighten our seat belts as another wave of COVID aka Third Wave, is about to hit the regions of India anytime soon. If Covid-appropriate behaviour is not followed, a possible third wave of coronavirus disease (Covid-19) could peak between October and November of 2021. It is also said that if a new strain emerges, it can spread faster than expected during the third wave.

When is the third wave of Covid likely to hit India?

Several countries have already witnessed the fourth wave of COVID-19. India is still struggling to overcome the effects of the second wave, while the imminent third wave is projected to hit the country very soon.
Based on the forecast and theories of scientists and doctors the third wave is expected to occur somewhere in the winter months – October and November or early December of this year. The Government of India emphasizes vaccinating the population before Diwali to reduce the threats of the third wave.
Depending on the period from now till November, an aggressive vaccination is likely to reduce the impact of COVID. If the variant is detected early, it can prove to be an advantage.

What do studies say?

According to the latest studies and researches, it is assumed that this third wave might hit the public in the last months of this year i.e. October- November. However, there is no accurate way of confirming the prediction regarding the possible harmful effects of the third wave. The Delta variant and Delta plus variant suggest a possible imposed pressure on the healthcare resources. Moreover, experts also feel that if the COVID-appropriate behavior is followed strictly and people get vaccinated, then this third wave might not prove as deadly as the first two waves.

Symptoms:

Following are the symptoms you need to look out for:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Fever
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Breathlessness
  • Chest pain
  • Tastelessness

These are the common symptoms and can be controlled with proper treatment. The doctors are also expecting neurological diseases. These symptoms were commonly visible during the second wave too. Apart from this, the asymptomatic cases may surface as well. Always consult a doctor and follow the necessary treatment for better health.

Scientists are still researching to understand the symptoms of the delta variant but as per records, no concrete information has been detected for the variant yet. Apart from that, the symptoms that are expected to follow during the third wave are quite the same as the third wave and are commonly known to people. By taking the necessary safety precautions, it can be avoided.

Who will it affect the most?

The third wave of COVID has not hit India yet. However several theories have been made to take necessary precautions beforehand. As per the studies, the next wave of COVID will affect mostly the younger age groups.
The studies concluded that a major percentage of the young population the kids have faced and got exposed to the virus in some way or the other. It leads to predicting that they may have produced antibodies and are less likely to experience serious illness. Still, there is no proof that the children will suffer severely in the third attack of this deadly virus.

The deadly effects of the Third Wave of COVID-19

The emergence of the mutants of the virus and the variants like Delta and Delta Plus have been responsible for the increase in the number of cases during the second wave too. If a new variant emerges during this third wave, the current treatment and vaccines might be useless as the new variant is adept to it. As a result, the substantial third wave could be disastrous. It might happen if adequate measures of prevention are not taken within a considerable time.

The lenient behavior of the public towards the pandemic may cause dangerous consequences too. However, if necessary measures are taken properly according to the government guidelines, then the chances of the severity might become less. Consulting a doctor is equally important in case any symptom of COVID-19 is noticed.

Preventive Measures

It is important to follow the government norms set for the welfare of the public. it is safer and wiser to adhere to the rules. Follow these rules for precaution from the third wave of COVID-19:

  • Wear a mask
  • Maintain social distancing
  • Practice proper sanitation
  • Get regular health check-ups and proper medications
  • Consult your nearest doctor if you experience any of the above-listed symptoms
  • Get vaccinated and encourage others too

These measures have been helpful previously too. It is advisable to stick to these measures to avoid the serious impacts of the third wave.

Conclusion

The experts, scientists, and medical professionals have stated that the third wave of coronavirus and its variants like Delta can be tackled successfully. The coverage of vaccination and the exposure rates are the most important elements.

The precautionary measures and arrangement may also provide greater assistance as compared to the second wave. It depends highly on the behavioral patterns of the public towards the dangerous virus and its mutants. Stay at home, follow doctor’s advice, maintain distance and help the nation to overcome the impact of the Third wave of COVID-19.

How to Get Rid of Acne: Causes and Prevention

Teenage could be a very difficult time for some people. The teen period is the age where you go through changes, experience new things, face new problems and overcome them. But there are some problems that do not get better by age, and if not tackled properly, could worsen. Yes, you are not wrong, we’re talking about Acne or commonly known as pimples.

Those Red-bumps on your face, that you struggled with throughout your teenage, may come back to haunt you far beyond puberty. While adult acne is extremely irritating and bad, it’s pretty common for people in their 30’s, 40’s and 50’s, and especially for women.

There are a variety of acne treatments that can help you reduce the number of pimples you get as well as the likelihood of scarring.

What is Acne?

Our skin has tiny holes, called pores, that are sometimes blocked by oil, dirt, dead skill cells, and bacteria. These factors can lead to the development of pimples or zits on our skin. When skin is continuously affected by this condition, the situation is called Acne.

Dermatologists state that acne is the most common skin condition as it affects most people in their teenage years. Acne can be excruciatingly unpleasant, especially when it is severe. It can also induce mental distress.

Causes of Acne

When your skin’s oil glands become overactive and pores get inflamed, pimples, commonly known as acne, appear. Some bacteria on the skin might trigger pimples. Pimples can appear on any part of the body, although they are most common on the face.

Sebum (oil) is produced by the oil gland and travels up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your skin. It keeps your skin supple and moisturized.

A little problem can occur in this process, leading to the development of pimples, the reasons for which are as stated below.

  • Too much oil produced by glands
  • Accumulation of dead skin cells on these pores
  • Bacterial growth around pores

When hormones become active during puberty, oil glands are stimulated. Acne is more common in teenagers because of this. It is partly genetic, if other members of your family have (or had) acne, you may be more likely to get it as well.

There is no foolproof technique to prevent pimples because they are usually triggered by androgen hormones and, in some situations, genetics.

What are the symptoms of Acne?

Acne can appear on almost every part of your body. But it mostly develops on your face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders.

If you have acne, you’ll usually notice white or black pimples. These are called Comedones and they include both blackheads and whiteheads. These are the most common lesions that occur during this phase, but there are other inflammatory lesions that can cause scarring on your skin. It includes:

  • Papules – Small red tender bumps
  • Pustules – Pimples with pus at their tips
  • Nodules – Large solid painful lumps under the skin
  • Cysts – Painful pus-filled lumps under the skin

How can you prevent Acne?

Wash your Face:

Washing your face regularly is important to discard excess oil, dirt, and sweat from your skin daily. Wash your face at least twice a day, it can help you prevent pimples from growing on your skin. However, don’t use harsh cleansers if you have dry skin. Use alcohol-free products and steer away from using chemicals on your face.

How to wash:

  • Wet your face with warm, not hot, water
  • Apply a mild cleanser and rub it gently with your fingertips
  • Rinse thoroughly and pat dry using a soft cloth

Know your skin type:

Knowing your skin type is the most crucial step in treating pimples. It is important to note that not all products can be used on every skin type. Some people have oily skin, some have dry skin, etc. However, oily skin is the most pimple-prone.

Another type of skin that causes most pimples is combination skin. Combination skin has both dry and oily areas. The oily areas tend to be your forehead, nose, and chin, also called your T-zone. Choose the right skincare products, based on your skin type.

Use Moisturizer:

Moisturizers keep skin hydrated. But many moisturizers these days contain oil, synthetic fragrance, and other harmful materials that are not good for your skin. This may irritate the skin and worsen the pimples.
Use fragrance-free, non-comedogenic moisturizers after washing your face or whenever your skin feels dry to help avoid pimples.

When you’re low on water (dehydrated), your body secretes more oil. Dehydration also leads to dullness in the skin and promotes inflammation and redness.
Stay hydrated and drink lots and lots of water. Drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day. Drink more after exercise, in summer, and in hot and humid environments.

Limit Makeup:

It’s tempting to cover up pimples with cosmetics. However, this may block pores and cause breakouts. Don’t use makeup and go natural if you can. Avoid greasy, heavy foundation and use products that are non-comedogenic, sheer, and fragrance-free. Using greasy products on your skin can cause pimples.

Don’t touch your face unnecessarily:

Every day your hands encounter innumerable germs, dirt, and bacteria and continuously touching your face can transfer these impurities into your skin.
By all means, avoid using your hands to your face and if necessary use a clean cloth to rub your skin. Wash your hands regularly with a cleanser, and try to touch your face as little as possible.

Use Tea-tree oil:

Tea tree oil is a well-known home treatment for acne. It is helpful in mild and moderate acne breakouts. It helps in reducing the number of inflamed and non-inflamed lesions.
Apply a few drops of tea tree oil along with some ointment (as prescribed by your dermatologist) to the irritated region to treat pimples. A few drops can also be used for your every day with a cleanser or moisturizer.

Avoid Stress:

Stress and tension is not the cause of pimples but it can worsen them. Research reveals that when you feel anxious your body secretes more oil than usual leading to pimples.
Manage your stress and try to calm your body. Do yoga, meditation, engage in other casual activities, massage, etc.

Conclusion

Everyone gets acne, there’s nothing to worry about. Besides, many factors stimulate pimples and make them worse. Factors like hormones, stress, genetics have a huge effect on the cause of acne. We know that pimples are annoying, but they can be treated. Just follow preventive measures and stop the initial outbreak of acne.
Consult a dermatologist, and follow the prescription, at the same time be patient and consistent. Treatments take time to produce results, so wait for a little and do whatever you want and whatever you like. Just don’t let the acne on your face lower your self-esteem.

Everything you need to know about Mosquito-borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne diseases are those that are spread when an infected mosquito bites a healthy person. The Zika Virus, West Nile Virus, Chikungunya Virus, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, and Malaria are some common diseases spread by mosquitoes. Although a person will not instantly become sick in most cases. Some people experience a mild and short-term fever or sometimes severe or long-term illness. In some severe cases, a mosquito-borne disease may also cause death.

What are Mosquito-Borne Diseases?

When a mosquito consumes blood, it also ingests any viruses or parasites present in the body of the person. Through its saliva, the mosquito can transmit these viruses and parasites to the next person it bites. The disease that is spread in this way from mosquito to human (when the mosquito feeds on a human) is known as Mosquito-borne disease.

Mosquito-borne diseases are commonly prevalent at this time of the year, i.e. monsoon. Hence, it is the need of the hour to stay healthy and take necessary precautions to prevent mosquito-borne diseases. Its symptoms may include – high fever and chills, joint pain, myalgia, and headaches.

Factors such as urbanization, travel, and population growth have increased the ability of mosquitos to develop and spread disease on a huge scale. People working outdoors, travelers, laboratory workers with mosquito disease samples are prone to mosquito-borne diseases. Even health care workers who take care of patients infected with such diseases are at higher risk of disease transmission. In such cases, a high vigilance should be maintained with good precautionary measures to ensure safety and encourage a healthy life.

Now let’s discuss the major mosquito-borne disease, their causes, symptoms, and prevention measures.

Dengue Fever

The cause of Dengue fever is the Dengue virus. The Dengue virus causes a flu-like condition known as break-bone fever. It is caused when an Aedes mosquito carrying the virus bites a healthy individual. One may exhibit symptoms three to fourteen days after infection. Dengue fever can also progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever, a more serious form of the disease characterized by symptoms such as bleeding under the skin and frequent vomiting. If the patient’s fever persists, he or she will need to be admitted to the hospital and get proper treatment.

Causes:

Dengue is caused due to four viruses, namely – DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4. The disease is transmitted when a healthy person is bitten by a mosquito and the virus enters the individual’s bloodstream, from where it spreads further in the body.
Once a person recovers, he/she is immune to that particular virus but not to the other three.

Symptoms:

Normally the symptoms of this disease are not easily identifiable as it is a virus. But the symptoms include:

  • Fever of 104 F degrees
  • Headache
  • Muscle, bone, and joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Swollen glands
  • Rashes

Treatment:

Medication – Painkillers and drips in case of dehydration
Drink plenty of water and take proper liquid supplements to make sure the body does not easily dehydrate.
Maintain proper hygiene

Malaria

Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by the plasmodium parasite. This parasite is transmitted to the human body through an infected mosquito bite. Malaria can be treated by a medical professional and requires a proper medical diagnosis. If the illness is short-term and not severe, it can be treated easily within a few days. But under critical situations, the patient needs emergency care.

Causes:

Malaria is caused by the plasmodium parasite, which is a single-celled parasite. Mosquito bites are the most prevalent way for the parasite to infect humans. Malaria spreads through red blood cells, hence people can also catch an infection from exposed blood.

Symptoms:

  • Chills
  • Fever and sweating
  • Headache
  • Muscle, bone, and joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Cough
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain

Treatment:

Malaria treatment varies depending on the type of malaria and the severity of the condition. Malaria is a treatable disease and can be treated by medical professionals. It requires proper medical diagnosis, with proper lab tests. There are good medicines and vaccines available for its treatment but should be taken only on the doctor’s recommendation.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by an infected mosquito. This is not a severe disease and in most cases, it heals within a week. Chikungunya shows some similar signs as Zika and Dengue. However, do not ignore the symptoms and seek immediate medical treatment.

Causes:

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by an infected mosquito. It is an RNA virus that belongs to the alphavirus genus of the family Togaviridae.

Symptoms:

  • Fever and sweating
  • Headache
  • Muscle, bone, and joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Nose bleeding
  • Bleeding Gums

Treatment:

Chikungunya is not a fatal disease. However, in some cases, the symptoms can become severe and disabling. There is no appropriate treatment for chikungunya, but joint pain still lingers on for some days or months.

Some common medicines to reduce symptoms and pain include:

  • Naproxen
  • Ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen
  • Paracetamol

Besides, stay hydrated and drink plenty of water and take some rest.

Zika Virus

It is a disease caused by mosquito bites. In most cases, there is no major or critical symptom noticed. In some cases, Zika Virus can trigger paralysis.

Causes:

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day.

Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Headache

Treatment:

A diagnosis of the Zika virus can only be confirmed by lab tests and other fluid tests. However, there is no specific treatment for Zika virus infection. People experiencing the symptoms of the Zika virus should drink plenty of water and take necessary medication under the doctor’s guidance. If the situation becomes critical, the patient should seek medical care and advice.

Yellow Fever

The Yellow Fever virus is spread when an infected mosquito bites a healthy person. Yellow fever is a very rare cause of illness. It is diagnosed through laboratory testing, experienced symptoms, and traveling history. There is no such medicine or treatment available for curing Yellow Fever.

Causes:

Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The large epidemic of Yellow fever occurs when the virus enters a heavily populated area with little or no immunity due to lack of vaccination.

Symptoms:

In most cases, patients don’t face any symptoms but when they do it includes:

  • Fever
  • Backaches
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Liver disease with bleeding
  • Yellowing skin (jaundice)

Treatment:

There are no specific medicines or treatments for curing the infection. To prevent getting sick from yellow fever, use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and get vaccinated.

Conclusion

  • It is necessary to prevent mosquito-borne disease. To protect yourself, it is advisable to take proper precautions.
  • Use mosquito repellants and wear long sleeves clothes to prevent mosquito bites
  • Do not walk on dirty water or keep stagnant water around your house
  • Use mosquito nets on beds especially for children
  • Stick to a well-balanced diet and include healthy supplements in the diet
  • Get vaccinated for the prevention of mosquito-borne diseases

Note – Severe or critical cases of the mosquito-borne disease can cause death. Do not neglect symptoms and seek immediate treatment to prevent further infection.

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