Monkeypox raising concerns in India: All you need to know

According to The World Health Organization (WHO), 80 cases of monkeypox have been detected in 11 countries. The WHO is working to determine the scope and cause of the recent outbreak. An important to consider is that no cases of monkeypox have been reported in India, the issue is being closely monitored by states and the central government. However, the Mumbai civic authority, on the other hand, issued a health advisory on Monday (May 23), stating a special 28-bed unit is being prepared at the Kasturba Hospital for the isolation of suspected patients.

The WHO stated on Friday that the virus is prevalent in some animals and species in several nations, causing outbreaks among locals and tourists. The World Health Organization and its affiliates are attempting better to understand the scope and source of this outbreak. According to the Business Standards, ‘the virus is endemic in some animal populations in several countries, resulting in outbreaks among locals and visitors.’

What is Monkeypox?

The monkeypox virus causes the disease monkeypox. It’s a zoonotic virus, which means it may transfer from animals to humans. It can also spread from person to person. Monkeypox is an uncommon disease caused by a monkeypox virus infection. Monkeypox virus is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the Poxviridae family.

What are the Symptoms of Monkeypox?

Here are some common symptoms of monkeypox:

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle ache
  • Back discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Skin rash or lesions

The rash appears typically one to three days after the fever has started. Lesions can be flat or slightly elevated, filled with clear or yellowish fluid, crusted, dried up, and eventually fall off. A person’s number of lesions might range from a few hundred to several thousand. The rash mostly affects the face, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet. They also appear on the lips, genitals, and eyes.

Symptoms usually last two to four weeks and disappear on their own without any treatment or medication. Monkeypox has a 7-14 day disease period (the time between infection and onset of symptoms), however, it can range from anywhere between 5 and 21 days. Consult your doctor if you think you have symptoms that could be caused by monkeypox. Contact them if you have had close contact with someone who has been diagnosed with monkeypox as soon as possible.

Can People Die from Monkeypox?

Monkeypox can cause death. Monkeypox symptoms usually go away on their own after a few weeks, but they might cause medical issues and in some cases, it can result in death. Monkeypox can cause more serious symptoms and death in newborns, children, and adults with preexisting immune weaknesses. In recent years, 3–6% of reported cases in endemic nations have led to the patient’s death, most often in youngsters or people with underlying health problems.

What is the Status of Monkeypox in India?

In India, no similar case has been reported yet. The pandemic leads in the third phase of its occurrence, and the WHO has already reported an outbreak of a new virus in the form of monkeypox. On the safe side, no cases of the monkeypox virus have been reported in India as of now. The virus is gradually increasing and spreading in other countries and the WHO is working with the countries impacted to provide guidelines on how to treat the infection. We must pay attention to our hygiene, immunity, sleep, and hydration until then. Furthermore, we must adhere to all Covid-19 precautions, including social distancing, hand washing, and masking.

Who are at Risk?

Anyone who comes into direct physical contact with someone who has monkeypox symptoms or with an infected animal is at the greatest risk of contracting the disease. Smallpox vaccine patients are likely to have some protection against monkeypox infection. Younger people, on the other hand, are more at risk as they were not vaccinated against smallpox because smallpox immunization was discontinued worldwide when the illness was declared eliminated in 1980. Even though persons who have had their smallpox vaccine will be protected against monkeypox, they must still take steps to protect themselves and others.

What are the necessary measures taken by the Government of India to prevent the spread of the Disease?

As per the latest government guidelines to stop the spread of monkeypox, identification of sick passengers at airports, lab tests, symptoms, preventive, surveillance tactics, hospital reporting, and community awareness will all be addressed properly. The government of India is spreading awareness and cautions in correspondence with the outbreak of this new disease. The Ministry of Health and the International Centre for Molecular Research are developing guidelines for monkeypox treatment, prevention, community awareness, signs and symptoms of monkeypox, isolation of sick patients returning from monkeypox-affected countries, surveillance strategy at airports and sea ports, hospital infection control measures if any suspected cases have been reported, and many other preventive measures.

Priya Abraham, director of the National Institute of Virology said, “People who appear with specified symptoms must be treated with scepticism at health facilities. All suspected patients must be quarantined in authorised medical institutions until the lesions recede and they are considered suitable to be released. These patients must be reported to the IDSP’s District Surveillance Officer. In addition, all infection control recommendations must be followed. If clinical suspicion exists, clinical samples such as vesicular fluid, blood, sputum, nasopharyngeal, and oropharyngeal specimens must be forwarded to ICMR-NIV, Pune.”

There is currently no safe and effective treatment for monkeypox. Depending on the symptoms, the WHO suggests supportive care and precautions. In such case it becomes critical to raise awareness in order to prevent and control infection.


Monkeypox is the new threat after the outbreak of Coronavirus. Monkeypox cases around the world, according to public health experts, could pose an additional threat in these times. However, India must keep a close eye on the global situation, and there is no reason to panic just yet.

What are the symptoms of the Covid Omicron XE variant, and how dangerous is it?

A day after the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation announced its first case of the new Covid variation ‘XE,’ Gujarat has detected a case of the XE Covid variant, which is thought to be highly transmissible, according to sources. Mumbai has also reported a case of the omicron XE variant. The XE variation was discovered in the United Kingdom and is a mutation of Omicron B.1 and B.2 strains. The XE mutation is now being tracked by the WHO as part of the Omicron variation. Fever, sore throat, scratchy throat, cough and cold, skin irritation and pigmentation, gastrointestinal problems, and a dry cough are all possible Micron symptoms of this new variant.

What is Omicron XE Variant?

The novel COVID-19 variant XE was discovered in the United Kingdom in January 2022. According to the WHO it is five times more contagious than the BA.2 strain. The COVID-19 XE variant was recently discovered in India and is considered to be more highly transmissible than other variants.

The outbreak of Coronavirus is noticed again, and this time there’s an uptick in the spread. During the last few weeks, there has been a fourth wave of Coronavirus throughout Asia and Europe. The corona subvariant omicron BA.2 is thought to be the source of an upsurge in new instances. In this hour of danger, researchers have discovered a new Corona XE Variant

The omicron is significantly less infectious than the latter. So far, the good news is that none of the persons who have been infected around the world has displayed any hazardous symptoms.

Symptoms of Omicron XE Variant

Given the current scenario of the outbreak of the new COVID variant, it is difficult to say whether it is fatal, but recognizing the indications and symptoms might help one avoid catching the sickness.

Here are some of the symptoms of this novel Coronavirus strain.

The variant is currently studied by various scientists around the world. The new variant seems to share common symptoms that of the original omicron. Early indications of such an illness include fever, sore throat, cough, phlegm, and cold, as well as gastrointestinal troubles. Furthermore, for people who are already sick, the new variant may be considerably more harmful. It’s important to remember that the XE variation has only been out for roughly three months and hasn’t spread as far as Omicron. As a result, it is not a separate shape; rather, it resembles Omicron.
The vaccines for COVID-19 might help in fighting against the new Omicron XE variant, as it is a mutation of the original omicron. Because of the enormous number of vaccines given during the third wave, the omicron effect in India was mitigated during the time period and was less harmful than that in the second wave.

The severity of the New Variant

The new variant of the Covid Omicron XE is three times more contagious than the delta Variant. Omicron has a two-day doubling time that is shorter than delta, according to director Rochelle Walensky, showing increased transmissibility. According to a study, the virus strain fueling the outbreak in South Africa is better at evading immunizations and generating less severe diseases. However, the data also shows that, while the number of cases is increasing, hospitalizations are not, leading scientists to assume that the virus’s risk of hospitalization is lower than that of earlier COVID variants. Admitted patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were found to be 29% fewer than those diagnosed with the wave in mid-2020.

Precautions against the new Omicron Variant

Precautions are roughly the same across the board. For the past two years, everyone has been aware of the preventive precautions against this contagious virus. Despite the fact that the local state government has relaxed the mask requirements, I believe we should continue to wear masks, avoid crowded areas, and focus on maintaining our health. We should also make sure we are fully vaccinated, and if a booster dosage is available, we should take advantage of it.

It is important to follow the government norms set for the welfare of the public. it is safer and wiser to adhere to the rules.

Follow these rules for precaution from the third wave of COVID-19:

  • Wear a mask
  • Maintain social distancing
  • Practice proper sanitation
  • Get regular health check-ups and proper medications
  • Consult your nearest doctors if you or your family experience any of the COVID symptoms.
  • Get vaccination and encourage others to do the same.


The central government has advised people not to be alarmed by the new strain and has also stressed the importance of public awareness. The Indian government is keeping a close eye on the situation and issuing appropriate directives as needed.
The precautionary measures and arrangements may also provide greater assistance. It depends highly on the behavioural patterns of the public towards the new Omicron XE virus. Stay at home, follow the doctor’s advice, and maintain distance.


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