What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)? Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Coronavirus disease is an extremely infectious disease, surfaced in 2019, caused by a recently discovered coronavirus. Individuals suffering from the disease experience ranging respiratory illness; mild to moderate. People with strong immunity and no medical problems are seen recovering from the disease without requiring special treatment. However. older people and people who have serious medical problems like diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease are more prone to develop a serious illness or catch coronavirus.

Coronavirus is also named (COVID-19) and it began in Wuhan, China, at the end of 2019. So far, it has spread across the world, including Hong Kong, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Italy, Iran, the GCC, Thailand, Singapore, India, the United States and in a number of other countries. Coronavirus has already killed more people in Italy than in any other country. As per current statistics, there are over 1,710,135 coronavirus cases and 103,506 deaths recorded globally. At present, as per the Ministry of Health, cases of coronavirus in India have gone up to 8,356 with 34 deaths due to COVID-19 so far.

Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Symptoms of Coronavirus

According to the WHO, the most common symptoms of COVID-19 are

Dry cough

Other symptoms are
Sore throat
Aches and pains
Shortness of breath
Diarrhea, runny nose, or nausea (Very few reported cases)

How Coronavirus is Spread

Coronavirus SpreadCoronavirus is transmitted through human contact, sneezes, or cough droplets. You might get the virus if you come in close contact with someone who has the virus or they have coughed or sneezed in the same proximity as you. According to experts, infected people who have coughed or sneezed on common surfaces like tables or chairs are also spreading the disease. Besides that, the use of unwashed hands to touch your face is also proven to be effective in the spread of coronavirus.

As a new disease, we don’t know how quickly the virus spreads from person to person, or how long the virus remains on the surface. The spread of the disease is most likely to grow because of people roaming in the country with prominent coronavirus symptoms. In order to control the spread of the disease, people need to practice social distancing.

The virus is said to be active in the air for up to 2 days if anyone infected has coughed or sneezed in a commonplace. It is important to note that simple household disinfectants can destroy the virus on the surface. It is important to first clean the surface and then use a disinfectant.

Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease

coronavirus-incubationIncubation Period refers to the time between catching the virus and when the body begins exhibiting symptoms of the disease. As per experts, the incubation period of COVID-19 is between 1-14 days, mostly around five days. This might range for the current data will be updated when a deeper study of the new data would become available. It is best suggested by doctors and experts to remain under quarantine and assess the symptoms.

What things I Should Do to Avoid Catching Coronavirus?

You should not leave home unless you go to a doctor or a hospital. You should wear a face mask to avoid coming in contact with any virus present in the air. You are suggested to wash your hands often, with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or you can use a small amount of alcohol-based hand sanitizer clean your hands. You should stop touching your face; mouth, nose or eyes. You should also wash the counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, computers, keyboards, tablets and, bedside tables in your home and clean any body fluids from the surfaces of your house. You should stop sharing common items like plates, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels or bedding with someone else. You’d prefer someone else to take care of your pets because it’s unclear if the animals will get sick from COVID-19.

Prevention Tips COVID-19

prevention from coronavirusWhile there is no vaccine available to prevent infection with the new coronavirus, you can take measures to minimize your risk of infection.

WHO and CDC propose the following measures to prevent COVID-19:
Avoid big events and mass meetings
Practice social distancing/self-isolation
Remain with
Prevent direct contact with someone who is sick or has symptoms/maintain a distance of about 6 feet or 2 meters with everyone
Keep a distance between yourself and others if COVID-19 spreads in your group, you should particularly stay out of gatherings if you are at higher risk of serious illness.
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds/Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
Cover your mouth and nose with your forearm or tissue whenever you cough or sneeze
Throw out the used tissues
Avoid touching your eyes, your nose, your mouth
If you’re sick; avoid sharing food, water glasses/mugs, bedding and other common household items
Clean and disinfect the highly-touched surfaces every day
Stay home from work, school, and public areas if you’re sick unless you need to step out for medical care/attention. If you’re sick, stop using public transport.

When to See a Doctor?

Doctor Checkup COVID-19In case of change in body temperature or cough, experts suggest that anybody with prominent symptoms should stay home for at least 7 days. In case they live with family, they should live in their home for at least 14 days. This is suggested to prevent the disease from spreading further; outside the home. In case the symptoms continue to last or grow than seven days, you should call for medical service.
If you believe you have COVID-19, kindly seek urgent medical support. Your doctor will prescribe medication for any symptoms or complications that might arise.

What Treatments are Available?

COVID-19 Treatment At present. there is no clearly approved treatment for COVID-19 and no cure for the infection. Although therapies and vaccines are currently under review. At the time being, all treatments focus on treating symptoms as the infection is rapidly progressing.

Many coronaviruses, such as SARS and MERS, are also treated with symptom management. In certain cases, new therapies are studied to access how successful they are in the prevention of the disease furthermore. A few examples of treatments used to cure such diseases are; antiviral or retroviral breathing aids, such as mechanical ventilation steroids to minimize lung swelling of blood plasma transfusions, etc.

What Are Neurological Disorders? Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Neurological disorders are disorders that affect the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system and may affect the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system or neuromuscular function.

Types of Neurological Disorders?

Alzheimer’s disease (AD)

Alzheimers-diseaseAlzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia found in older people. Dementia is a brain disease that severely affects an individual’s ability to perform everyday activities.


EpilepsyEpilepsy is a condition that is characterized by frequent seizures. Seizures are caused by abnormal nerve cell activity, called neurons, in the brain.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple SclerosisMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition that causes demyelination (disruption of myelin that isolates and preserves nerve cells) of the spinal nerves and brain cells.

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson diseaseParkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative condition that leads to a gradual deterioration of motor activity due to the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells.


MigrainesA migraine is a form of headache. Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound may occur. In certain cases, only one side of the head experiences throbbing pain.

Common Symptoms of Neurological Disorders

Physical Symptoms

Headaches, Blurry vision and visual fatigue.
Numbness in the legs or arms
Physical weakness and tremors
Imbalance in physical coordination and slurred speech.
Partial or complete paralysis
Muscle weakness
Partial or complete loss of sensation
Difficulty reading and writing
Poor cognitive abilities
Unexplained pain
Decreased alertness

Emotional Symptoms

People frequently search for physical signs in this form of the condition, but emotional signs play a very important role.

For example, people suffering from neurological disorders may experience mood swings or outbursts. Depression can also be a significant symptom of these neurological conditions.
Massive changes in behavior and mood swings

Few of the causes of neurological disorder include:

Lifestyle-related causes
Nutrition-related causes
Environmental influences
Physical injuries


Neurological TreatmentThere are various methods of therapy for different forms of neurological disorders. Medications can be used orally, topically or intravenously. Device-based therapies, such as deep brain stimulation, surgery, including tumor removal procedures, physical therapy, and rehabilitation are also medications that can be used to heal these conditions.

There is movement disorder therapy for Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, multiple sclerosis, and spasticity. State-of-the-art treatment methods have been created to treat multiple sclerosis as well as less severe demyelinating conditions such as optic neuromyelitis.

Medications can be used to minimize the risk of recurrence and also to treat acute conditions such as stroke. In addition, there are a number of therapies for neuroAIDS, autism, anxiety, vestibular function, neurological disorders, and neuromuscular tissue disorders.

A few of the main therapies for neurological disorders include brain imaging, cyberknife, deep brain stimulation, and gamma knife.

To know more about one of the best Neurology Hospitals in Udaipur, visit Chaudhary Hospital.

Chaudhary Hospital has the best Neurosurgeon, physicians, doctors, and healthcare facilities; a place where all your health-related issues will be identified, resolved, and overcome. The hospital is renowned for its super-specialty services like General and Laparoscopic surgery, medicine, Neurology, Trauma and Orthopaedics, Paediatric Surgery, Urology, Radiology and more.

In cases of emergencies, the hospital has a separate section where doctors, medical staff, and emergency healthcare equipment are available 24/7 for your health and support. In addition to this, the hospital also offers cashless and reimbursement facilities with leading corporates and TPA.
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What is Orthopedics? Problems and Treatment

Orthopedics focuses on the treatment of people with skeletal deformities who may have bones, joints, ligaments, and all elements of the muscular-skeletal system. Doctors who work in this area are referred to as orthopedists.

Common Orthopedic Problems in Adults

common-orthopedic-problemOrthopedics problems are often associated with some type of stress, strain, or damage involving muscles, ligaments, and joints. Adults, in particular, may experience muscle-related discomfort due to age-related conditions, temporary inflammation, and corresponding medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.


ArthritisApproximately 180 million Indians are affected by arthritis, which can put pressure on the joints and muscles of the resulting inflammation. Chronic in nature, arthritis is often caused by movement and can lead to permanent tissue damage over time. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, the most severe types of arthritis, frequently affect the thighs, knees, and lower back.

Low Back Pain

low-back-painOne in ten people has some degree of low back pain. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, with possible causes just as large. Since it can be difficult to identify the source of lower back pain, the elimination process is usually necessary to fine-tune treatment options.
Common sources of low back pain include age-related disk degeneration and disorders such as spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the nerve roots.

Shoulder Pain

shoulder-painAs with pain in the neck, shoulder pain can be either localized or radiated to nearby areas, often to the shoulders. Rotator cuff injuries are the result of damage to any of the four muscles that support each shoulder joint. Big, heavy bursa muscles that protect the shoulders may also be weakened by sharp blows or extreme falls. The resulting inflammation is referred to as bursitis.

Neck Pain

neck-painMuscle strain in the cervical spine can contribute to associated neck and discomfort, which may be further exacerbated by the disk and joint tears. Herniated cervical disks and injuries to tendons and muscles can lead to pain in the neck that can radiate to the back and shoulders.
Whiplash resulting from unexpected, sharp movements is a serious neck injury requiring treatment if pain persists or worsens.

Soft-Tissue Injuries

soft-tissue-injuryStress fractures, strains, and sprains are among the most common soft tissue injuries suffered by adults. So long as there is no serious muscle injury, soft tissue injuries usually respond well to conservative, non-surgical procedures such as the use of heat or ice and some initial relaxation or alteration in regular activity.

These raising orthopedic conditions are treated with a combination of imaging tests and an examination of your medical history. Treatments prescribed by an orthopedic doctor may include physical therapy and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. Surgery is only required if other methods do not provide relief.


orthopedic-treatmentOrthopedics patients have benefited from technological advances such as joint replacement and an arthroscopy helps the orthopedic to look inside the joint. But your visit will begin with a personal interview and a physical examination. This may be accompanied by diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, x-rays, and other examinations.

Your diagnosis can include medical advice, drugs, casts, splints, and treatments such as exercise, or surgery. There is more than one form of treatment for most orthopedics diseases and injuries. Your orthopedist will explore treatment options with you and help you choose the best treatment plan that will allow you to live an active and functional life.

To know more about the best Orthopedic Hospital, Orthopedic Surgeon/Doctor, visit Chaudhary Hospital.

Best Hospital in UdaipurChaudhary Hospital has the best physicians, doctors, and healthcare facilities; a place where all your health-related issues will be identified, resolved, and overcome. For the cases of emergencies, the hospital has a separate section where doctors, medical staff, and emergency healthcare equipment are available 24/7 for your health and support.
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